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Damage and repair of ancient DNA

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Damage and repair of ancient DNA. / Mitchell, David; Willerslev, Eske; Hansen, Anders.

I: Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, Bind 571, Nr. 1-2, 2005, s. 265-76.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Mitchell, D, Willerslev, E & Hansen, A 2005, 'Damage and repair of ancient DNA', Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, bind 571, nr. 1-2, s. 265-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2004.06.060

APA

Mitchell, D., Willerslev, E., & Hansen, A. (2005). Damage and repair of ancient DNA. Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 571(1-2), 265-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2004.06.060

Vancouver

Mitchell D, Willerslev E, Hansen A. Damage and repair of ancient DNA. Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. 2005;571(1-2):265-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2004.06.060

Author

Mitchell, David ; Willerslev, Eske ; Hansen, Anders. / Damage and repair of ancient DNA. I: Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. 2005 ; Bind 571, Nr. 1-2. s. 265-76.

Bibtex

@article{51466230a82f11debc73000ea68e967b,
title = "Damage and repair of ancient DNA",
abstract = "Under certain conditions small amounts of DNA can survive for long periods of time and can be used as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) substrates for the study of phylogenetic relationships and population genetics of extinct plants and animals, including hominids. Because of extensive DNA degradation, these studies are limited to species that lived within the past 10(4)-10(5) years (Late Pleistocene), although DNA sequences from 10(6) years have been reported. Ancient DNA (aDNA) has been used to study phylogenetic relationships of protists, fungi, algae, plants, and higher eukaryotes such as extinct horses, cave bears, the marsupial wolf, the moa, and Neanderthal. In the past few years, this technology has been extended to the study of infectious disease in ancient Egyptian and South American mummies, the dietary habits of ancient animals, and agricultural practices and population dynamics of early native Americans. Hence, ancient DNA contains information pertinent to numerous fields of study including evolution, population genetics, ecology, climatology, medicine, archeology, and behavior. The major obstacles to the study of aDNA are its extremely low yield, contamination with modern DNA, and extensive degradation. In the course of this review, we will discuss the current aDNA literature describing the importance of aDNA studies as they relate to important biological questions and the difficulties associated with extracting useful information from highly degraded and damaged substrates derived from limited sources. In addition, we will present some of our own preliminary and published data on mechanisms of DNA degradation and some speculative thoughts on strategies for repair and restoration of aDNA.",
author = "David Mitchell and Eske Willerslev and Anders Hansen",
note = "Keywords: DNA; DNA Damage; DNA Repair; Freezing; Oxidative Stress",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2004.06.060",
language = "English",
volume = "571",
pages = "265--76",
journal = "Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis",
issn = "0027-5107",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Damage and repair of ancient DNA

AU - Mitchell, David

AU - Willerslev, Eske

AU - Hansen, Anders

N1 - Keywords: DNA; DNA Damage; DNA Repair; Freezing; Oxidative Stress

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Under certain conditions small amounts of DNA can survive for long periods of time and can be used as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) substrates for the study of phylogenetic relationships and population genetics of extinct plants and animals, including hominids. Because of extensive DNA degradation, these studies are limited to species that lived within the past 10(4)-10(5) years (Late Pleistocene), although DNA sequences from 10(6) years have been reported. Ancient DNA (aDNA) has been used to study phylogenetic relationships of protists, fungi, algae, plants, and higher eukaryotes such as extinct horses, cave bears, the marsupial wolf, the moa, and Neanderthal. In the past few years, this technology has been extended to the study of infectious disease in ancient Egyptian and South American mummies, the dietary habits of ancient animals, and agricultural practices and population dynamics of early native Americans. Hence, ancient DNA contains information pertinent to numerous fields of study including evolution, population genetics, ecology, climatology, medicine, archeology, and behavior. The major obstacles to the study of aDNA are its extremely low yield, contamination with modern DNA, and extensive degradation. In the course of this review, we will discuss the current aDNA literature describing the importance of aDNA studies as they relate to important biological questions and the difficulties associated with extracting useful information from highly degraded and damaged substrates derived from limited sources. In addition, we will present some of our own preliminary and published data on mechanisms of DNA degradation and some speculative thoughts on strategies for repair and restoration of aDNA.

AB - Under certain conditions small amounts of DNA can survive for long periods of time and can be used as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) substrates for the study of phylogenetic relationships and population genetics of extinct plants and animals, including hominids. Because of extensive DNA degradation, these studies are limited to species that lived within the past 10(4)-10(5) years (Late Pleistocene), although DNA sequences from 10(6) years have been reported. Ancient DNA (aDNA) has been used to study phylogenetic relationships of protists, fungi, algae, plants, and higher eukaryotes such as extinct horses, cave bears, the marsupial wolf, the moa, and Neanderthal. In the past few years, this technology has been extended to the study of infectious disease in ancient Egyptian and South American mummies, the dietary habits of ancient animals, and agricultural practices and population dynamics of early native Americans. Hence, ancient DNA contains information pertinent to numerous fields of study including evolution, population genetics, ecology, climatology, medicine, archeology, and behavior. The major obstacles to the study of aDNA are its extremely low yield, contamination with modern DNA, and extensive degradation. In the course of this review, we will discuss the current aDNA literature describing the importance of aDNA studies as they relate to important biological questions and the difficulties associated with extracting useful information from highly degraded and damaged substrates derived from limited sources. In addition, we will present some of our own preliminary and published data on mechanisms of DNA degradation and some speculative thoughts on strategies for repair and restoration of aDNA.

U2 - 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2004.06.060

DO - 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2004.06.060

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15748652

VL - 571

SP - 265

EP - 276

JO - Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis

JF - Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis

SN - 0027-5107

IS - 1-2

ER -

ID: 14640368