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'David and Goliath' of the soil food web - Flagellates that kill nematodes

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'David and Goliath' of the soil food web - Flagellates that kill nematodes. / Strandmark, Lisa Bjørnlund; Rønn, Regin.

I: Soil Biology & Biochemistry, Bind 40, Nr. 8, 2008, s. 2032-2039.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Strandmark, LB & Rønn, R 2008, ''David and Goliath' of the soil food web - Flagellates that kill nematodes', Soil Biology & Biochemistry, bind 40, nr. 8, s. 2032-2039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.011

APA

Strandmark, L. B., & Rønn, R. (2008). 'David and Goliath' of the soil food web - Flagellates that kill nematodes. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 40(8), 2032-2039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.011

Vancouver

Strandmark LB, Rønn R. 'David and Goliath' of the soil food web - Flagellates that kill nematodes. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 2008;40(8):2032-2039. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.011

Author

Strandmark, Lisa Bjørnlund ; Rønn, Regin. / 'David and Goliath' of the soil food web - Flagellates that kill nematodes. I: Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 2008 ; Bind 40, Nr. 8. s. 2032-2039.

Bibtex

@article{56fafcf0f1ef11ddbf70000ea68e967b,
title = "'David and Goliath' of the soil food web - Flagellates that kill nematodes",
abstract = "Nematodes and flagellates are important bacterial predators in soil and sediments. Generally, these organisms are considered to be competitors for bacterial food. We studied the interaction among flagellates and nematodes using axenic liquid cultures amended with heat-killed bacteria as food and showed for the first time that a small and common soil flagellate (Cercomonas sp.) is able to attack and kill the much larger nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The killing process is not caused by soluble metabolites but requires direct contact between the flagellate cells and the nematode surface and occurs rapidly (within a few hours) at high flagellate density. At lower flagellate density, adult nematodes sometimes avoid attachment of flagellates, feed on them and become the dominant bacterial predator. Considering that bacterial feeders affect bacterial communities differently, and that one bacterial feeder can control the abundance of another, suggests a new perspective on how bacterial diversity and trophic interactions are linked in the soil food web. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Udgivelsesdato: 2008",
author = "Strandmark, {Lisa Bj{\o}rnlund} and Regin R{\o}nn",
note = "JAUG",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.011",
language = "Dansk",
volume = "40",
pages = "2032--2039",
journal = "Soil Biology & Biochemistry",
issn = "0038-0717",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - 'David and Goliath' of the soil food web - Flagellates that kill nematodes

AU - Strandmark, Lisa Bjørnlund

AU - Rønn, Regin

N1 - JAUG

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Nematodes and flagellates are important bacterial predators in soil and sediments. Generally, these organisms are considered to be competitors for bacterial food. We studied the interaction among flagellates and nematodes using axenic liquid cultures amended with heat-killed bacteria as food and showed for the first time that a small and common soil flagellate (Cercomonas sp.) is able to attack and kill the much larger nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The killing process is not caused by soluble metabolites but requires direct contact between the flagellate cells and the nematode surface and occurs rapidly (within a few hours) at high flagellate density. At lower flagellate density, adult nematodes sometimes avoid attachment of flagellates, feed on them and become the dominant bacterial predator. Considering that bacterial feeders affect bacterial communities differently, and that one bacterial feeder can control the abundance of another, suggests a new perspective on how bacterial diversity and trophic interactions are linked in the soil food web. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Udgivelsesdato: 2008

AB - Nematodes and flagellates are important bacterial predators in soil and sediments. Generally, these organisms are considered to be competitors for bacterial food. We studied the interaction among flagellates and nematodes using axenic liquid cultures amended with heat-killed bacteria as food and showed for the first time that a small and common soil flagellate (Cercomonas sp.) is able to attack and kill the much larger nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The killing process is not caused by soluble metabolites but requires direct contact between the flagellate cells and the nematode surface and occurs rapidly (within a few hours) at high flagellate density. At lower flagellate density, adult nematodes sometimes avoid attachment of flagellates, feed on them and become the dominant bacterial predator. Considering that bacterial feeders affect bacterial communities differently, and that one bacterial feeder can control the abundance of another, suggests a new perspective on how bacterial diversity and trophic interactions are linked in the soil food web. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved Udgivelsesdato: 2008

U2 - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.011

DO - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.011

M3 - Tidsskriftartikel

VL - 40

SP - 2032

EP - 2039

JO - Soil Biology & Biochemistry

JF - Soil Biology & Biochemistry

SN - 0038-0717

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 10117225