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Degradation of Rural and Urban Great Tit Song: Testing Transmission Efficiency

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Degradation of Rural and Urban Great Tit Song : Testing Transmission Efficiency. / Mockford, Emily J; Marshall, Rupert C; Dabelsteen, Torben.

I: P L o S One, Bind 6, Nr. 12, 2011, s. e28242.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Mockford, EJ, Marshall, RC & Dabelsteen, T 2011, 'Degradation of Rural and Urban Great Tit Song: Testing Transmission Efficiency', P L o S One, bind 6, nr. 12, s. e28242. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028242

APA

Mockford, E. J., Marshall, R. C., & Dabelsteen, T. (2011). Degradation of Rural and Urban Great Tit Song: Testing Transmission Efficiency. P L o S One, 6(12), e28242. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028242

Vancouver

Mockford EJ, Marshall RC, Dabelsteen T. Degradation of Rural and Urban Great Tit Song: Testing Transmission Efficiency. P L o S One. 2011;6(12):e28242. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0028242

Author

Mockford, Emily J ; Marshall, Rupert C ; Dabelsteen, Torben. / Degradation of Rural and Urban Great Tit Song : Testing Transmission Efficiency. I: P L o S One. 2011 ; Bind 6, Nr. 12. s. e28242.

Bibtex

@article{b45d1dfbc14040f8a950228be8c90a8d,
title = "Degradation of Rural and Urban Great Tit Song: Testing Transmission Efficiency",
abstract = "Acoustic signals play a fundamental role in avian territory defence and mate attraction. Several studies have now shown that spectral properties of bird song differ between urban and rural environments. Previously this has been attributed to competition for acoustic space as a result of low-frequency noise present in cities. However, the physical structure of urban areas may have a contributory effect. Here we investigate the sound degradation properties of woodland and city environments using both urban and rural great tit song. We show that although urban surroundings caused significantly less degradation to both songs, the transmission efficiency of rural song compared to urban song was significantly lower in the city. While differences between the two songs in woodland were generally minimal, some measures of the transmission efficiency of rural song were significantly lower than those of urban song, suggesting additional benefits to singing rural songs in this setting. In an attempt to create artificial urban song, we mimicked the increase in minimum frequency found several times previously in urban song. However, this did not replicate the same transmission properties as true urban song, suggesting changes in other song characteristics, such as temporal adjustments, are needed to further increase transmission of an avian signal in the city. We suggest that the structure of the acoustic environment, in addition to the background noise, plays an important role in signal adaptation.",
keywords = "Analysis of Variance, Animals, Environment, Great Britain, Signal-To-Noise Ratio, Songbirds, Sound Spectrography, Vocalization, Animal",
author = "Mockford, {Emily J} and Marshall, {Rupert C} and Torben Dabelsteen",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0028242",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "e28242",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Degradation of Rural and Urban Great Tit Song

T2 - Testing Transmission Efficiency

AU - Mockford, Emily J

AU - Marshall, Rupert C

AU - Dabelsteen, Torben

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Acoustic signals play a fundamental role in avian territory defence and mate attraction. Several studies have now shown that spectral properties of bird song differ between urban and rural environments. Previously this has been attributed to competition for acoustic space as a result of low-frequency noise present in cities. However, the physical structure of urban areas may have a contributory effect. Here we investigate the sound degradation properties of woodland and city environments using both urban and rural great tit song. We show that although urban surroundings caused significantly less degradation to both songs, the transmission efficiency of rural song compared to urban song was significantly lower in the city. While differences between the two songs in woodland were generally minimal, some measures of the transmission efficiency of rural song were significantly lower than those of urban song, suggesting additional benefits to singing rural songs in this setting. In an attempt to create artificial urban song, we mimicked the increase in minimum frequency found several times previously in urban song. However, this did not replicate the same transmission properties as true urban song, suggesting changes in other song characteristics, such as temporal adjustments, are needed to further increase transmission of an avian signal in the city. We suggest that the structure of the acoustic environment, in addition to the background noise, plays an important role in signal adaptation.

AB - Acoustic signals play a fundamental role in avian territory defence and mate attraction. Several studies have now shown that spectral properties of bird song differ between urban and rural environments. Previously this has been attributed to competition for acoustic space as a result of low-frequency noise present in cities. However, the physical structure of urban areas may have a contributory effect. Here we investigate the sound degradation properties of woodland and city environments using both urban and rural great tit song. We show that although urban surroundings caused significantly less degradation to both songs, the transmission efficiency of rural song compared to urban song was significantly lower in the city. While differences between the two songs in woodland were generally minimal, some measures of the transmission efficiency of rural song were significantly lower than those of urban song, suggesting additional benefits to singing rural songs in this setting. In an attempt to create artificial urban song, we mimicked the increase in minimum frequency found several times previously in urban song. However, this did not replicate the same transmission properties as true urban song, suggesting changes in other song characteristics, such as temporal adjustments, are needed to further increase transmission of an avian signal in the city. We suggest that the structure of the acoustic environment, in addition to the background noise, plays an important role in signal adaptation.

KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Animals

KW - Environment

KW - Great Britain

KW - Signal-To-Noise Ratio

KW - Songbirds

KW - Sound Spectrography

KW - Vocalization, Animal

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0028242

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0028242

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22174781

VL - 6

SP - e28242

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 40290523