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Differences in the electrocardiographic QT interval of various breeds of athletic horses during rest and exercise

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

OBJECTIVES: Quantitative measurements of cardiac repolarization, defined as the electrocardiographic QT interval, have important diagnostic implications in humans, as irregularities can trigger potentially fatal ventricular tachyarrhythmia. In both humans and horses, cardiac repolarization is influenced to some extent by heart rate, age, body weight (BW), sex, autonomic tone, and environment. In horses, there is substantial inter-breed variation in size and training, and the aims of this study were therefore to determine the best model describing the QT to RR relationship in breeds of various athletic horses and to test for differences in the QT interval.

ANIMALS: Ten Icelandic horses, 10 Arabian horses, 10 Thoroughbreds, 10 Standardbreds, six Coldblood trotters, 10 Warmbloods (dressage) and 10 Warmbloods (show jumping). All horses were geldings.

METHODS: QT intervals were measured from resting to peak exercise level and plotted against RR intervals. Data points were fitted with relevant regression models, and the effect of breed, BW, and estimated exercise intensity was examined.

RESULTS: For all breeds in this study, the QT interval was best described as a function of RR by the piecewise linear regression model. The breed of horse had a significant effect on the model. There was no systematic effect of BW or estimated exercise intensity, but a high inter-horse variability was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: The equine QT interval should preferably be corrected for heart rate according to breed. In addition, the results indicate that equine studies of the QT interval must be designed to eliminate the influence of a large inter-horse variation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Veterinary Cardiology
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)255-264
Antal sider10
ISSN1760-2734
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

ID: 165711238