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Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on COX-2 activity in vitro and in kidney transplant patients in vivo

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Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on COX-2 activity in vitro and in kidney transplant patients in vivo. / Jespersen, Bente; Thiesson, Helle C; Henriksen, Charlotte; Therland, Karina; Falk, Christel; Poulsen, Tina; Fogh, Betina; Madsen, Kirsten; Walther, Steen; Jensen, Boye L.

I: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, Bind 24, Nr. 5, 2009, s. 1644-55.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Jespersen, B, Thiesson, HC, Henriksen, C, Therland, K, Falk, C, Poulsen, T, Fogh, B, Madsen, K, Walther, S & Jensen, BL 2009, 'Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on COX-2 activity in vitro and in kidney transplant patients in vivo', Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, bind 24, nr. 5, s. 1644-55. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfp004

APA

Jespersen, B., Thiesson, H. C., Henriksen, C., Therland, K., Falk, C., Poulsen, T., ... Jensen, B. L. (2009). Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on COX-2 activity in vitro and in kidney transplant patients in vivo. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation, 24(5), 1644-55. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfp004

Vancouver

Jespersen B, Thiesson HC, Henriksen C, Therland K, Falk C, Poulsen T o.a. Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on COX-2 activity in vitro and in kidney transplant patients in vivo. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. 2009;24(5):1644-55. https://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfp004

Author

Jespersen, Bente ; Thiesson, Helle C ; Henriksen, Charlotte ; Therland, Karina ; Falk, Christel ; Poulsen, Tina ; Fogh, Betina ; Madsen, Kirsten ; Walther, Steen ; Jensen, Boye L. / Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on COX-2 activity in vitro and in kidney transplant patients in vivo. I: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. 2009 ; Bind 24, Nr. 5. s. 1644-55.

Bibtex

@article{70dd2ca0334411df8ed1000ea68e967b,
title = "Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on COX-2 activity in vitro and in kidney transplant patients in vivo",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: It was hypothesized that calcineurin inhibitors suppress vascular cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and exert a reciprocal influence on in vivo prostacyclin and thromboxane. This could contribute to cardiovascular morbidity in transplanted patients. METHODS: The ability of immunosuppressives to suppress vascular COX-2 expression in vitro was studied in cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells. Blood and urine samples were collected from 28 renal transplant patients before and 2, 4 and 6 h after intake of immunosuppressives and from 11 controls. ELISA was used to measure (1) plasma 6-keto-PGF1alpha and TxB2; (2) urine excretion of PGI-M and TxB(2); (3) 6-keto-PGF1alpha in the whole-blood COX-2 assay; and (4) TxB2 in the whole-blood COX-1 assay. Platelet aggregation was measured optically. RESULTS: COX-2 in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells was suppressed by cyclosporine A (CsA); tacrolimus and rapamycin had no effect. Human renal arteries and vascular smooth muscle expressed calcineurin Abeta and Agamma isoforms. CsA had no effect on plasma 6-keto-PGF1alpha, whole-blood COX-2 activity or PGI-M urine excretion; after rapamycin intake, the former two increased. Plasma TxB2 did not change after drug intake. TxB2 in the COX-1 assay and urine excretion of TxB2 was significantly lower in tacrolimus- and rapamycin-treated patients compared to the CsA group. Platelet aggregation was increased significantly in the CsA group. CONCLUSIONS: Although CsA suppressed COX-2 in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, systemic prostacyclin was not suppressed by either CsA or tacrolimus in vivo. Rapamycin and tacrolimus may actively suppress platelet and renal thromboxane formation. Differential changes in prostanoids may have implications for long-term cardiovascular hazard in patients treated with immunosuppressives.",
author = "Bente Jespersen and Thiesson, {Helle C} and Charlotte Henriksen and Karina Therland and Christel Falk and Tina Poulsen and Betina Fogh and Kirsten Madsen and Steen Walther and Jensen, {Boye L}",
note = "Keywords: 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha; Adult; Aged; Calcineurin; Cells, Cultured; Cyclooxygenase 2; Cyclosporine; Female; Humans; Immunosuppressive Agents; Kidney; Kidney Transplantation; Male; Middle Aged; Muscle, Smooth, Vascular; Platelet Aggregation; Sirolimus; Tacrolimus; Thromboxane B2; Young Adult",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1093/ndt/gfp004",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "1644--55",
journal = "Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation",
issn = "0931-0509",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on COX-2 activity in vitro and in kidney transplant patients in vivo

AU - Jespersen, Bente

AU - Thiesson, Helle C

AU - Henriksen, Charlotte

AU - Therland, Karina

AU - Falk, Christel

AU - Poulsen, Tina

AU - Fogh, Betina

AU - Madsen, Kirsten

AU - Walther, Steen

AU - Jensen, Boye L

N1 - Keywords: 6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha; Adult; Aged; Calcineurin; Cells, Cultured; Cyclooxygenase 2; Cyclosporine; Female; Humans; Immunosuppressive Agents; Kidney; Kidney Transplantation; Male; Middle Aged; Muscle, Smooth, Vascular; Platelet Aggregation; Sirolimus; Tacrolimus; Thromboxane B2; Young Adult

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - BACKGROUND: It was hypothesized that calcineurin inhibitors suppress vascular cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and exert a reciprocal influence on in vivo prostacyclin and thromboxane. This could contribute to cardiovascular morbidity in transplanted patients. METHODS: The ability of immunosuppressives to suppress vascular COX-2 expression in vitro was studied in cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells. Blood and urine samples were collected from 28 renal transplant patients before and 2, 4 and 6 h after intake of immunosuppressives and from 11 controls. ELISA was used to measure (1) plasma 6-keto-PGF1alpha and TxB2; (2) urine excretion of PGI-M and TxB(2); (3) 6-keto-PGF1alpha in the whole-blood COX-2 assay; and (4) TxB2 in the whole-blood COX-1 assay. Platelet aggregation was measured optically. RESULTS: COX-2 in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells was suppressed by cyclosporine A (CsA); tacrolimus and rapamycin had no effect. Human renal arteries and vascular smooth muscle expressed calcineurin Abeta and Agamma isoforms. CsA had no effect on plasma 6-keto-PGF1alpha, whole-blood COX-2 activity or PGI-M urine excretion; after rapamycin intake, the former two increased. Plasma TxB2 did not change after drug intake. TxB2 in the COX-1 assay and urine excretion of TxB2 was significantly lower in tacrolimus- and rapamycin-treated patients compared to the CsA group. Platelet aggregation was increased significantly in the CsA group. CONCLUSIONS: Although CsA suppressed COX-2 in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, systemic prostacyclin was not suppressed by either CsA or tacrolimus in vivo. Rapamycin and tacrolimus may actively suppress platelet and renal thromboxane formation. Differential changes in prostanoids may have implications for long-term cardiovascular hazard in patients treated with immunosuppressives.

AB - BACKGROUND: It was hypothesized that calcineurin inhibitors suppress vascular cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and exert a reciprocal influence on in vivo prostacyclin and thromboxane. This could contribute to cardiovascular morbidity in transplanted patients. METHODS: The ability of immunosuppressives to suppress vascular COX-2 expression in vitro was studied in cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells. Blood and urine samples were collected from 28 renal transplant patients before and 2, 4 and 6 h after intake of immunosuppressives and from 11 controls. ELISA was used to measure (1) plasma 6-keto-PGF1alpha and TxB2; (2) urine excretion of PGI-M and TxB(2); (3) 6-keto-PGF1alpha in the whole-blood COX-2 assay; and (4) TxB2 in the whole-blood COX-1 assay. Platelet aggregation was measured optically. RESULTS: COX-2 in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells was suppressed by cyclosporine A (CsA); tacrolimus and rapamycin had no effect. Human renal arteries and vascular smooth muscle expressed calcineurin Abeta and Agamma isoforms. CsA had no effect on plasma 6-keto-PGF1alpha, whole-blood COX-2 activity or PGI-M urine excretion; after rapamycin intake, the former two increased. Plasma TxB2 did not change after drug intake. TxB2 in the COX-1 assay and urine excretion of TxB2 was significantly lower in tacrolimus- and rapamycin-treated patients compared to the CsA group. Platelet aggregation was increased significantly in the CsA group. CONCLUSIONS: Although CsA suppressed COX-2 in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, systemic prostacyclin was not suppressed by either CsA or tacrolimus in vivo. Rapamycin and tacrolimus may actively suppress platelet and renal thromboxane formation. Differential changes in prostanoids may have implications for long-term cardiovascular hazard in patients treated with immunosuppressives.

U2 - 10.1093/ndt/gfp004

DO - 10.1093/ndt/gfp004

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 19193738

VL - 24

SP - 1644

EP - 1655

JO - Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation

JF - Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation

SN - 0931-0509

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 18699803