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Differential expression of integrins and laminin-5 in normal oral epithelia

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beta 1 and beta 4 integrins are receptors on epithelial cells mediating cell-extracellular matrix adhesion. Furthermore, alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 contribute to cell-cell adhesion. Laminin-5 in epithelial basement membranes (BMs) is a ligand for alpha 6 beta 4 and alpha 3 beta 1. Expression of different integrins and laminin-5 was studied in oral epithelium to characterize regional variations in these adhesion molecules. Monoclonal antibodies directed against alpha 2-alpha 6 beta 1/alpha 6 beta 4 and laminin-5 were examined in cryopreserved biopsies of normal mucosa by immunohistochemistry. Laminin-5 was expressed as a line along the BMs. The junctional epithelium showed a unique phenotype: Laminin-5 was detected in the internal BM at the tooth surface and in the external BM, where excessive laminin-5 was seen in the stroma. alpha 6 beta 4 was expressed in all cells of the junctional epithelium. Integrins alpha 4 beta 1 and alpha 5 beta 1 were not detected in the epithelia, whereas alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 showed differential expression. Epithelia with well-developed rete pegs and connective tissue papillae showed polarized alpha 3 beta 1 expression along the BM in the rete pegs, in contrast to negative expression at the tips of the connective tissue papillae. A variation in the suprabasal distribution of alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 was observed between epithelia from different regions. alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1 were detected in basal/parabasal cells in keratinized epithelia, whereas there was increased suprabasal expression in nonkeratinized mucosa. These results indicate inhomogeneity in the basal cell population of oral squamous epithelia and differential expression of integrins, which may reflect differences in the underlying stroma. Laminin-5 deposits in the stroma underneath the junctional epithelium may indicate subclinical gingival inflammation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAPMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
Vol/bind105
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)519-30
Antal sider12
ISSN0903-4641
StatusUdgivet - jul. 1997

ID: 119594091