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Distribution and effect of galanin on gallbladder and sphincter of Oddi motility in the pig

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This study was designed to determine the occurrence and topographical distribution of galanin-like immunoreactivity (GAL-LI) in the porcine gallbladder and sphincter of Oddi and to investigate the pharmacologic effect of GAL on gallbladder and sphincter of Oddi motility. By radioimmunoassay the concentration of GAL-LI in the gallbladder was 2.75 +/- 0.23, 9.73 +/- 1.33 in the common bile duct and 5.10 +/- 0.37 in the sphincter of Oddi (pmol/g +/- SE). By immunohistochemistry GAL-LI was found exclusively in ganglionic cells and in nerve fibers among the smooth muscle bundles. Gallbladder and sphincter of Oddi pressures were recorded before and during 5-minute local intraarterial infusion of 4, 8, 19, 39, 78 and 194 ng GAL - Kg-1 - min-1 in 12 anaesthetized pigs. GAL in doses greater than or equal to 39 ng.kg-1.min-1 significantly reduced sphincter of Oddi phasic wave frequency (4.8 +/- 0.4 vs. 2.1 +/- 0.5; p = 0.004) and sphincter of Oddi motility index (70.2 +/- 6.02 vs. 27.7 +/- 8.3; p = 0.002) but did not affect gallbladder pressure. We conclude that the distribution of GAL-LI in the sphincter of Oddi and the effect that a pharmacologic dose of GAL has on sphincter of Oddi motor activity, suggests that GAL may be involved in the physiologic control of bile flow in the pig.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHPB Surgery
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)279-289
ISSN0894-8569
StatusUdgivet - apr. 1991

ID: 291434