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Distribution of runs of homozygosity in Chinese and Western pig breeds evaluated by reduced-representation sequencing data

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Zhe Zhang
  • Qianqian Zhang
  • Qian Xiao
  • Hao Sun
  • Hongding Gao
  • Yumei Yang
  • Jiucheng Chen
  • Zhengcao Li
  • Ming Xue
  • Peipei Ma
  • Hongjie Yang
  • Ningying Xu
  • Qishan Wang
  • Yuchun Pan

Inbreeding, which has several causes including genetic drift, population bottlenecks, mating of close relatives and selection, can leave tracts of runs of homozygosity (ROH) along genomes. Recently, decreasing performance on reproductive traits, which might have resulted from inbreeding, has been observed in Chinese pigs. In this study, 830 individuals from Western and Chinese pig breeds were genotyped using the reduced-representation sequencing method. After imputation and quality control, 60 850 high-confidence SNPs were retained for ROH detection. A simulation was performed to explore the reliability of ROH detection with imputed data. Different ROH-related variables were compared between imputed and non-missing genotypes used in ROH detection. Furthermore, ROH islands were evaluated and annotated to find genes influenced by inbreeding in these pigs. The simulation results showed that imputed data with 0.7 as the average missing genotype rate and three heterozygotes allowed in a sliding window have comparable ROH detected compared with data with no missing genotypes. Compared with Western pig breeds, Chinese pigs had more autosomes covered by ROH longer than 5 Mb, indicating higher inbreeding in Chinese pigs in recent times. Genes related to reproduction, immunity, meat quality and adaptability in Chinese pigs and several genes related to growth speed and immunity in Western pigs were observed in short ROH islands. The reproduction-related gene PRM1 was found to be located in the most frequent long ROH island in Chinese pigs, which might explain the decreasing fertility in Chinese pig breeds.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnimal Genetics
Vol/bind49
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)579-591
Antal sider13
ISSN0268-9146
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2018

ID: 221673482