Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

Forside

Diversity and geographical distribution of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates and their phages: patterns of susceptibility to phage infection and phage host range

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Diversity and geographical distribution of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates and their phages : patterns of susceptibility to phage infection and phage host range. / Castillo Bermúdez, Daniel Elías; Christiansen, Rói Hammershaimb; Espejo, Romilio; Middelboe, Mathias.

I: Microbial Ecology, Bind 67, Nr. 4, 2014, s. 748-757.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Castillo Bermúdez, DE, Christiansen, RH, Espejo, R & Middelboe, M 2014, 'Diversity and geographical distribution of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates and their phages: patterns of susceptibility to phage infection and phage host range', Microbial Ecology, bind 67, nr. 4, s. 748-757. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-014-0375-8

APA

Castillo Bermúdez, D. E., Christiansen, R. H., Espejo, R., & Middelboe, M. (2014). Diversity and geographical distribution of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates and their phages: patterns of susceptibility to phage infection and phage host range. Microbial Ecology, 67(4), 748-757. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-014-0375-8

Vancouver

Castillo Bermúdez DE, Christiansen RH, Espejo R, Middelboe M. Diversity and geographical distribution of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates and their phages: patterns of susceptibility to phage infection and phage host range. Microbial Ecology. 2014;67(4):748-757. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-014-0375-8

Author

Castillo Bermúdez, Daniel Elías ; Christiansen, Rói Hammershaimb ; Espejo, Romilio ; Middelboe, Mathias. / Diversity and geographical distribution of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates and their phages : patterns of susceptibility to phage infection and phage host range. I: Microbial Ecology. 2014 ; Bind 67, Nr. 4. s. 748-757.

Bibtex

@article{fa4944e570a84c4e9c3226818408b3d3,
title = "Diversity and geographical distribution of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates and their phages: patterns of susceptibility to phage infection and phage host range",
abstract = "Flavobacterium psychrophilum is an important fish pathogen worldwide that causes cold water disease (CWD) or rainbow trout fry syndrome (RTFS). Phage therapy has been suggested as an alternative method for the control of this pathogen in aquaculture. However, effective use of bacteriophages in disease control requires detailed knowledge about the diversity and dynamics of host susceptibility to phage infection. For this reason, we examined the genetic diversity of 49 F. psychrophilum strains isolated in three different areas (Chile, Denmark, and USA) through direct genome restriction enzyme analysis (DGREA) and their susceptibility to 33 bacteriophages isolated in Chile and Denmark, thus covering large geographical (>12,000 km) and temporal (>60 years) scales of isolation. An additional 40 phage-resistant isolates obtained from culture experiments after exposure to specific phages were examined for changes in phage susceptibility against the 33 phages. The F. psychrophilum and phage populations isolated from Chile and Denmark clustered into geographically distinct groups with respect to DGREA profile and host range, respectively. However, cross infection between Chilean phage isolates and Danish host isolates and vice versa was observed. Development of resistance to certain bacteriophages led to susceptibility to other phages suggesting that {"}enhanced infection{"} is potentially an important cost of resistance in F. psychrophilum, possibly contributing to the observed co-existence of phage-sensitive F. psychrophilum strains and lytic phages across local and global scales. Overall, our results showed that despite the identification of local communities of phages and hosts, some key properties determining phage infection patterns seem to be globally distributed.",
author = "{Castillo Berm{\'u}dez}, {Daniel El{\'i}as} and Christiansen, {R{\'o}i Hammershaimb} and Romilio Espejo and Mathias Middelboe",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s00248-014-0375-8",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "748--757",
journal = "Microbial Ecology",
issn = "0095-3628",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diversity and geographical distribution of Flavobacterium psychrophilum isolates and their phages

T2 - patterns of susceptibility to phage infection and phage host range

AU - Castillo Bermúdez, Daniel Elías

AU - Christiansen, Rói Hammershaimb

AU - Espejo, Romilio

AU - Middelboe, Mathias

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Flavobacterium psychrophilum is an important fish pathogen worldwide that causes cold water disease (CWD) or rainbow trout fry syndrome (RTFS). Phage therapy has been suggested as an alternative method for the control of this pathogen in aquaculture. However, effective use of bacteriophages in disease control requires detailed knowledge about the diversity and dynamics of host susceptibility to phage infection. For this reason, we examined the genetic diversity of 49 F. psychrophilum strains isolated in three different areas (Chile, Denmark, and USA) through direct genome restriction enzyme analysis (DGREA) and their susceptibility to 33 bacteriophages isolated in Chile and Denmark, thus covering large geographical (>12,000 km) and temporal (>60 years) scales of isolation. An additional 40 phage-resistant isolates obtained from culture experiments after exposure to specific phages were examined for changes in phage susceptibility against the 33 phages. The F. psychrophilum and phage populations isolated from Chile and Denmark clustered into geographically distinct groups with respect to DGREA profile and host range, respectively. However, cross infection between Chilean phage isolates and Danish host isolates and vice versa was observed. Development of resistance to certain bacteriophages led to susceptibility to other phages suggesting that "enhanced infection" is potentially an important cost of resistance in F. psychrophilum, possibly contributing to the observed co-existence of phage-sensitive F. psychrophilum strains and lytic phages across local and global scales. Overall, our results showed that despite the identification of local communities of phages and hosts, some key properties determining phage infection patterns seem to be globally distributed.

AB - Flavobacterium psychrophilum is an important fish pathogen worldwide that causes cold water disease (CWD) or rainbow trout fry syndrome (RTFS). Phage therapy has been suggested as an alternative method for the control of this pathogen in aquaculture. However, effective use of bacteriophages in disease control requires detailed knowledge about the diversity and dynamics of host susceptibility to phage infection. For this reason, we examined the genetic diversity of 49 F. psychrophilum strains isolated in three different areas (Chile, Denmark, and USA) through direct genome restriction enzyme analysis (DGREA) and their susceptibility to 33 bacteriophages isolated in Chile and Denmark, thus covering large geographical (>12,000 km) and temporal (>60 years) scales of isolation. An additional 40 phage-resistant isolates obtained from culture experiments after exposure to specific phages were examined for changes in phage susceptibility against the 33 phages. The F. psychrophilum and phage populations isolated from Chile and Denmark clustered into geographically distinct groups with respect to DGREA profile and host range, respectively. However, cross infection between Chilean phage isolates and Danish host isolates and vice versa was observed. Development of resistance to certain bacteriophages led to susceptibility to other phages suggesting that "enhanced infection" is potentially an important cost of resistance in F. psychrophilum, possibly contributing to the observed co-existence of phage-sensitive F. psychrophilum strains and lytic phages across local and global scales. Overall, our results showed that despite the identification of local communities of phages and hosts, some key properties determining phage infection patterns seem to be globally distributed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84898538844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00248-014-0375-8

DO - 10.1007/s00248-014-0375-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24557506

AN - SCOPUS:84898538844

VL - 67

SP - 748

EP - 757

JO - Microbial Ecology

JF - Microbial Ecology

SN - 0095-3628

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 111064841