Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma in adults - A systematic review and meta-analysis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Objective: To evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise training on asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO-ID: CRD42019130156)

Methods: Eligibility criteria: Randomised controlled trials investigating the effect of at least 8 weeks of aerobic exercise training on outcomes for asthma control, lung function and airway inflammation in adults with asthma. Information sources: Medline, EMBase, CINAHL, PEDro, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched up to 3 April 2019. Risk of bias: Risk of bias was assessed by the "Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool".

Results: Included studies: We included 11 studies with a total of 543 adults with asthma. Participants' mean age was 36.5 years (range: 22 to 54 years); 74.8% of participants were women and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 27.6 kg·m-2 (range: 23.2 to 38.1 kg·m-2). Interventions had a median duration of 12 weeks (range: 8 to 12 weeks) and included walking, jogging, spinning, treadmill running and other unspecified exercise training programmes. Synthesis of results: Exercise training improved asthma control with a standard mean difference (SMD) of -0.48 (-0.81 to -0.16). Lung function slightly increased with an SMD of -0.36 (-0.72 to 0.00) in favour of exercise training. Exercise training had no apparent effect on markers of airway inflammation [SMD: -0.03 (-0.41 to 0.36)].

Conclusions: In adults with asthma, aerobic exercise training has potential to improve asthma control and lung function but not airway inflammation.

TidsskriftEuropean Respiratory Journal
StatusAccepteret/In press - 29 apr. 2020

Bibliografisk note

Afventer publicering som [Epub ahead of print] samt tildeling af CURIS-nummer.

ID: 240986044