Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

Forside

Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes : meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials. / International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group.

I: B M J, Bind 358, j3119, 2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group 2017, 'Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials', B M J, bind 358, j3119. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j3119

APA

International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group (2017). Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials. B M J, 358, [j3119]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j3119

Vancouver

International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group. Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials. B M J. 2017;358. j3119. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j3119

Author

International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group. / Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes : meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials. I: B M J. 2017 ; Bind 358.

Bibtex

@article{558714dbf4c442b88253473f42d54884,
title = "Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes: meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials",
abstract = "Objective: To synthesise the evidence on the overall and differential effects of interventions based on diet and physical activity during pregnancy, primarily on gestational weight gain and maternal and offspring composite outcomes, according to women's body mass index, age, parity, ethnicity, and pre-existing medical condition; and secondarily on individual complications.Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD).Data sources: Major electronic databases from inception to February 2017 without language restrictions.Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Randomised trials on diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy.Data synthesis: Statistical models accounted for clustering of participants within trials and heterogeneity across trials leading to summary mean differences or odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for the effects overall, and in subgroups (interactions).Results: IPD were obtained from 36 randomised trials (12 526 women). Less weight gain occurred in the intervention group than control group (mean difference -0.70 kg, 95% confidence interval -0.92 to -0.48 kg, I2=14.1%; 33 studies, 9320 women). Although summary effect estimates favoured the intervention, the reductions in maternal (odds ratio 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.79 to 1.03, I2=26.7%; 24 studies, 8852 women) and offspring (0.94, 0.83 to 1.08, I2=0%; 18 studies, 7981 women) composite outcomes were not statistically significant. No evidence was found of differential intervention effects across subgroups, for either gestational weight gain or composite outcomes. There was strong evidence that interventions reduced the odds of caesarean section (0.91, 0.83 to 0.99, I2=0%; 32 studies, 11 410 women), but not for other individual complications in IPD meta-analysis. When IPD were supplemented with study level data from studies that did not provide IPD, the overall effect was similar, with stronger evidence of benefit for gestational diabetes (0.76, 0.65 to 0.89, I2=36.8%; 59 studies, 16 885 women).Conclusion: Diet and physical activity based interventions during pregnancy reduce gestational weight gain and lower the odds of caesarean section. There is no evidence that effects differ across subgroups of women.",
keywords = "Diet, Exercise therapy/methods, Female, Humans, Obesity/therapy, Pregnancy, Pregnancy complications/diet therapy, Pregnancy outcome, Randomized controlled trials as topic, Weight gain/physiology",
author = "{International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group} and Geiker, {Nina Rica Wium}",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1136/bmj.j3119",
language = "English",
volume = "358",
journal = "B M J",
issn = "0959-8146",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy on gestational weight gain and pregnancy outcomes

T2 - meta-analysis of individual participant data from randomised trials

AU - International Weight Management in Pregnancy (i-WIP) Collaborative Group

AU - Geiker, Nina Rica Wium

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Objective: To synthesise the evidence on the overall and differential effects of interventions based on diet and physical activity during pregnancy, primarily on gestational weight gain and maternal and offspring composite outcomes, according to women's body mass index, age, parity, ethnicity, and pre-existing medical condition; and secondarily on individual complications.Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD).Data sources: Major electronic databases from inception to February 2017 without language restrictions.Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Randomised trials on diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy.Data synthesis: Statistical models accounted for clustering of participants within trials and heterogeneity across trials leading to summary mean differences or odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for the effects overall, and in subgroups (interactions).Results: IPD were obtained from 36 randomised trials (12 526 women). Less weight gain occurred in the intervention group than control group (mean difference -0.70 kg, 95% confidence interval -0.92 to -0.48 kg, I2=14.1%; 33 studies, 9320 women). Although summary effect estimates favoured the intervention, the reductions in maternal (odds ratio 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.79 to 1.03, I2=26.7%; 24 studies, 8852 women) and offspring (0.94, 0.83 to 1.08, I2=0%; 18 studies, 7981 women) composite outcomes were not statistically significant. No evidence was found of differential intervention effects across subgroups, for either gestational weight gain or composite outcomes. There was strong evidence that interventions reduced the odds of caesarean section (0.91, 0.83 to 0.99, I2=0%; 32 studies, 11 410 women), but not for other individual complications in IPD meta-analysis. When IPD were supplemented with study level data from studies that did not provide IPD, the overall effect was similar, with stronger evidence of benefit for gestational diabetes (0.76, 0.65 to 0.89, I2=36.8%; 59 studies, 16 885 women).Conclusion: Diet and physical activity based interventions during pregnancy reduce gestational weight gain and lower the odds of caesarean section. There is no evidence that effects differ across subgroups of women.

AB - Objective: To synthesise the evidence on the overall and differential effects of interventions based on diet and physical activity during pregnancy, primarily on gestational weight gain and maternal and offspring composite outcomes, according to women's body mass index, age, parity, ethnicity, and pre-existing medical condition; and secondarily on individual complications.Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data (IPD).Data sources: Major electronic databases from inception to February 2017 without language restrictions.Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Randomised trials on diet and physical activity based interventions in pregnancy.Data synthesis: Statistical models accounted for clustering of participants within trials and heterogeneity across trials leading to summary mean differences or odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for the effects overall, and in subgroups (interactions).Results: IPD were obtained from 36 randomised trials (12 526 women). Less weight gain occurred in the intervention group than control group (mean difference -0.70 kg, 95% confidence interval -0.92 to -0.48 kg, I2=14.1%; 33 studies, 9320 women). Although summary effect estimates favoured the intervention, the reductions in maternal (odds ratio 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.79 to 1.03, I2=26.7%; 24 studies, 8852 women) and offspring (0.94, 0.83 to 1.08, I2=0%; 18 studies, 7981 women) composite outcomes were not statistically significant. No evidence was found of differential intervention effects across subgroups, for either gestational weight gain or composite outcomes. There was strong evidence that interventions reduced the odds of caesarean section (0.91, 0.83 to 0.99, I2=0%; 32 studies, 11 410 women), but not for other individual complications in IPD meta-analysis. When IPD were supplemented with study level data from studies that did not provide IPD, the overall effect was similar, with stronger evidence of benefit for gestational diabetes (0.76, 0.65 to 0.89, I2=36.8%; 59 studies, 16 885 women).Conclusion: Diet and physical activity based interventions during pregnancy reduce gestational weight gain and lower the odds of caesarean section. There is no evidence that effects differ across subgroups of women.

KW - Diet

KW - Exercise therapy/methods

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Obesity/therapy

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Pregnancy complications/diet therapy

KW - Pregnancy outcome

KW - Randomized controlled trials as topic

KW - Weight gain/physiology

U2 - 10.1136/bmj.j3119

DO - 10.1136/bmj.j3119

M3 - Review

C2 - 28724518

VL - 358

JO - B M J

JF - B M J

SN - 0959-8146

M1 - j3119

ER -

ID: 243465166