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Effect of probiotics on diarrhea in children with severe acute malnutrition: A randomized controlled study in Uganda

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Effect of probiotics on diarrhea in children with severe acute malnutrition : A randomized controlled study in Uganda. / Grenov, Benedikte; Namusoke, Hanifa; Lanyero, Betty; Nabukeera-Barungi, Nicolette; Ritz, Christian; Mølgaard, Christian; Friis, Henrik; Michaelsen, Kim F.

I: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Bind 64, Nr. 3, 2017, s. 396-403.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Grenov, B, Namusoke, H, Lanyero, B, Nabukeera-Barungi, N, Ritz, C, Mølgaard, C, Friis, H & Michaelsen, KF 2017, 'Effect of probiotics on diarrhea in children with severe acute malnutrition: A randomized controlled study in Uganda', Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, bind 64, nr. 3, s. 396-403. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000001515

APA

Grenov, B., Namusoke, H., Lanyero, B., Nabukeera-Barungi, N., Ritz, C., Mølgaard, C., ... Michaelsen, K. F. (2017). Effect of probiotics on diarrhea in children with severe acute malnutrition: A randomized controlled study in Uganda. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 64(3), 396-403. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000001515

Vancouver

Grenov B, Namusoke H, Lanyero B, Nabukeera-Barungi N, Ritz C, Mølgaard C o.a. Effect of probiotics on diarrhea in children with severe acute malnutrition: A randomized controlled study in Uganda. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2017;64(3):396-403. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000001515

Author

Grenov, Benedikte ; Namusoke, Hanifa ; Lanyero, Betty ; Nabukeera-Barungi, Nicolette ; Ritz, Christian ; Mølgaard, Christian ; Friis, Henrik ; Michaelsen, Kim F. / Effect of probiotics on diarrhea in children with severe acute malnutrition : A randomized controlled study in Uganda. I: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2017 ; Bind 64, Nr. 3. s. 396-403.

Bibtex

@article{4a4a3b389d6440fa87cb96eaae727bcb,
title = "Effect of probiotics on diarrhea in children with severe acute malnutrition: A randomized controlled study in Uganda",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of probiotics on diarrhea during in- and outpatient treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted involving 400 children admitted with SAM. Patients received one daily dose of a blend of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (BB-12) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LGG) (10 billion colony-forming units, 50:50) or placebo during hospitalization followed by an 8-12 week outpatient treatment period, depending on patients' recovery rate. All outcomes were reported for in- and outpatient treatment separately. The primary outcome was number of days with diarrhea during hospitalization. Secondary outcomes included other diarrhea outcomes, pneumonia, weight gain, and recovery.RESULTS: There was no difference in number of days with diarrhea between the probiotic (n = 200) and placebo (n = 200) groups during inpatient treatment (adjusted difference +0.2 days, 95{\%} CI -0.8 to 1.2, p = 0.69), however during outpatient treatment, probiotics reduced days with diarrhea (adjusted difference -2.2 days 95{\%} CI -3.5 to -0.3, p = 0.025). There were no effects of probiotics on diarrhea incidence and severity or pneumonia, weight gain or recovery during in- or outpatient treatment. Twenty-six patients died in the probiotic versus 20 in the placebo group (p = 0.38).CONCLUSION: BB-12 and LGG had no effect on diarrhea in children with SAM during hospitalization, but reduced the number of days with diarrhea in outpatient treatment by 26{\%}. Probiotics may have a role in follow-up of hospitalized children with SAM or in community based treatment of malnourished children, but further studies are needed to confirm this.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Probiotic, Diarrhea, Severe acute malnutrition, Young children, Low-income country",
author = "Benedikte Grenov and Hanifa Namusoke and Betty Lanyero and Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi and Christian Ritz and Christian M{\o}lgaard and Henrik Friis and Michaelsen, {Kim F.}",
note = "CURIS 2017 NEXS 069",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1097/MPG.0000000000001515",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "396--403",
journal = "Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition",
issn = "0277-2116",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of probiotics on diarrhea in children with severe acute malnutrition

T2 - A randomized controlled study in Uganda

AU - Grenov, Benedikte

AU - Namusoke, Hanifa

AU - Lanyero, Betty

AU - Nabukeera-Barungi, Nicolette

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Mølgaard, Christian

AU - Friis, Henrik

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

N1 - CURIS 2017 NEXS 069

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of probiotics on diarrhea during in- and outpatient treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted involving 400 children admitted with SAM. Patients received one daily dose of a blend of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (BB-12) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LGG) (10 billion colony-forming units, 50:50) or placebo during hospitalization followed by an 8-12 week outpatient treatment period, depending on patients' recovery rate. All outcomes were reported for in- and outpatient treatment separately. The primary outcome was number of days with diarrhea during hospitalization. Secondary outcomes included other diarrhea outcomes, pneumonia, weight gain, and recovery.RESULTS: There was no difference in number of days with diarrhea between the probiotic (n = 200) and placebo (n = 200) groups during inpatient treatment (adjusted difference +0.2 days, 95% CI -0.8 to 1.2, p = 0.69), however during outpatient treatment, probiotics reduced days with diarrhea (adjusted difference -2.2 days 95% CI -3.5 to -0.3, p = 0.025). There were no effects of probiotics on diarrhea incidence and severity or pneumonia, weight gain or recovery during in- or outpatient treatment. Twenty-six patients died in the probiotic versus 20 in the placebo group (p = 0.38).CONCLUSION: BB-12 and LGG had no effect on diarrhea in children with SAM during hospitalization, but reduced the number of days with diarrhea in outpatient treatment by 26%. Probiotics may have a role in follow-up of hospitalized children with SAM or in community based treatment of malnourished children, but further studies are needed to confirm this.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of probiotics on diarrhea during in- and outpatient treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted involving 400 children admitted with SAM. Patients received one daily dose of a blend of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (BB-12) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LGG) (10 billion colony-forming units, 50:50) or placebo during hospitalization followed by an 8-12 week outpatient treatment period, depending on patients' recovery rate. All outcomes were reported for in- and outpatient treatment separately. The primary outcome was number of days with diarrhea during hospitalization. Secondary outcomes included other diarrhea outcomes, pneumonia, weight gain, and recovery.RESULTS: There was no difference in number of days with diarrhea between the probiotic (n = 200) and placebo (n = 200) groups during inpatient treatment (adjusted difference +0.2 days, 95% CI -0.8 to 1.2, p = 0.69), however during outpatient treatment, probiotics reduced days with diarrhea (adjusted difference -2.2 days 95% CI -3.5 to -0.3, p = 0.025). There were no effects of probiotics on diarrhea incidence and severity or pneumonia, weight gain or recovery during in- or outpatient treatment. Twenty-six patients died in the probiotic versus 20 in the placebo group (p = 0.38).CONCLUSION: BB-12 and LGG had no effect on diarrhea in children with SAM during hospitalization, but reduced the number of days with diarrhea in outpatient treatment by 26%. Probiotics may have a role in follow-up of hospitalized children with SAM or in community based treatment of malnourished children, but further studies are needed to confirm this.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Probiotic

KW - Diarrhea

KW - Severe acute malnutrition

KW - Young children

KW - Low-income country

U2 - 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001515

DO - 10.1097/MPG.0000000000001515

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28079729

VL - 64

SP - 396

EP - 403

JO - Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

JF - Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

SN - 0277-2116

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 172100978