Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet


Effect of repeated mass drug administration with praziquantel and track and treat of taeniosis cases on the prevalence of taeniosis in Taenia solium endemic rural communities of Tanzania

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikel


This study evaluated the effect of mass drug administration (MDA) with praziquantel administered to school-aged children (SAC) combined with ‘track and treat’ of taeniosis cases in the general population on the copro-antigen (Ag) prevalence of taeniosis. The study was conducted in 14 villages in Mbozi and Mbeya district, Tanzania. SAC made up 34% of the population and received MDA with praziquantel (40 mg/kg) in 2012 (both districts) and in 2013 (Mbozi only). Three crosssectional population-based surveys were performed in 2012 (R0), 2013 (R1), and 2014 (R2). In each survey approximately 3,000 study subjects of all ages were tested for taeniosis using copro-Ag-ELISA. In total 9,064 people were tested and copro-Ag-ELISA positive cases were offered treatment 6-8 months after sampling. The copro-Ag prevalence of taeniosis was significantly higher (Χ2-test, p=0.007) in Mbozi (3.0%) at R0 compared to Mbeya (1.5%). Twelve months after MDA in both districts (R1), the copro-Ag prevalence had dropped significantly in both Mbozi (2.0%, p=0.024) and in Mbeya (0.3%, p=0.004), but the significant difference between the districts persisted (Χ2-test, p<0.001). Ten months after the second round of MDA in Mbozi and 22 month after the first MDA (R2), the copro-Ag prevalence had dropped significantly again in Mbozi (0.8%, p<0.001), but had slightly increased in Mbeya (0.5%, p=0.051), with no difference between the two districts (Χ2-test, p=0.51). The taeniosis cases tracked and treated between round R0 and R2 represented 9% of the projected total number of taeniosis cases within the study area, based on the copro-Ag prevalence and village population data. Among SAC in Mbozi, infection significantly decreased at R1 (p=0.004, OR 0.12 CI: 0.02-0.41) and R2 (p=0.001, OR 0.24, CI: 0.09-0.53) when comparing to R0. In Mbeya infection significant decreased at R1 (p=0.013, OR 0.14, CI: 0.02-0.55), but no difference was found for R2 (p=0. 089), when comparing to R0 among SAC. This study showed that school-based MDA with praziquantel in combination with ‘track and treat’ of taeniosis cases significantly reduced the copro-Ag prevalence of taeniosis, and that annual MDA was significantly better than single MDA. The persistence of taeniosis cases illustrates that a One Health approach must be emphasized for effective control.
TidsskriftActa Tropica
Sider (fra-til)246-251
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2017

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