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Effects of gabapentin in acute inflammatory pain in humans.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskning

  • M U Werner
  • F M Perkins
  • Kathrine Holte
  • J L Pedersen
  • H Kehlet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine the analgesic effects of the anticonvulsant, gabapentin, in a validated model of acute inflammatory pain. METHODS: Twenty-two volunteers were investigated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over study. Gabapentin 1,200 mg or placebo was given on 2 separate study days. Three hours after drug administration, a first-degree burn injury was produced on the medial aspect of the nondominant calf (12.5 cm(2), 47 degrees C for 7 minutes). Quantitative sensory testing (QST) included pain ratings to thermal and mechanical stimuli (visual analog scale [VAS]), assessments of thermal and mechanical detection thresholds, and areas of secondary hyperalgesia. Side effects drowsiness and postural instability were assessed by subjective ratings (VAS). RESULTS: The burn injury induced significant primary and secondary hyperalgesia (P <.0001). Gabapentin diminished the decrease in mechanical pain threshold in the burn area (P =.04) and reduced secondary hyperalgesia, but the reduction was not significant (P =.06). Heat pain thresholds, pain during the burn, and mechanical pain in the area of secondary hyperalgesia were not significantly changed by gabapentin (P <.2). Ratings of drowsiness and unsteadiness during walking were significantly higher for gabapentin than for placebo (P <.05). CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates that gabapentin has no analgesic effect in normal skin, but may reduce primary mechanical allodynia in acute inflammation following a thermal injury. These observations suggest a clinical potential of gabapentin in the treatment of postoperative pain.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRegional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)322-328
Antal sider7
ISSN1098-7339
StatusUdgivet - 2001

ID: 34174950