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Effects of tetracycline and zinc on selection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 398 in pigs

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Standard

Effects of tetracycline and zinc on selection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 398 in pigs. / Moodley, Arshnee; Nielsen, Søren Saxmose; Guardabassi, Luca.

I: Veterinary Microbiology, Bind 152, Nr. 3-4, 2011, s. 420-423.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Moodley, A, Nielsen, SS & Guardabassi, L 2011, 'Effects of tetracycline and zinc on selection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 398 in pigs', Veterinary Microbiology, bind 152, nr. 3-4, s. 420-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.025

APA

Moodley, A., Nielsen, S. S., & Guardabassi, L. (2011). Effects of tetracycline and zinc on selection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 398 in pigs. Veterinary Microbiology, 152(3-4), 420-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.025

Vancouver

Moodley A, Nielsen SS, Guardabassi L. Effects of tetracycline and zinc on selection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 398 in pigs. Veterinary Microbiology. 2011;152(3-4):420-423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.025

Author

Moodley, Arshnee ; Nielsen, Søren Saxmose ; Guardabassi, Luca. / Effects of tetracycline and zinc on selection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 398 in pigs. I: Veterinary Microbiology. 2011 ; Bind 152, Nr. 3-4. s. 420-423.

Bibtex

@article{34e10390e515468792281717b67e3d47,
title = "Effects of tetracycline and zinc on selection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 398 in pigs",
abstract = "An in vivo experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of tetracycline and zinc on pig colonization and transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type (ST) 398. Eight piglets naturally colonized with MRSA ST398 and 8 MRSA-negative piglets of the same age and breed were assigned to three groups treated with tetracycline and zinc (Group 1), zinc (Group 2) or tetracycline alone (Group 3) and one non-treated group (Group 4), each containing two MRSA-positive and two MRSA-negative animals. Two additional non-treated control groups composed of only MRSA-positive (Group 5) and MRSA-negative (Group 6) animals were used to check for stability of MRSA carriage status. Nasal swabs and environmental wipes were collected on Days 0, 7, 14, and 21, and the occurrence of MRSA in each sample was quantified by bacteriological counts on Brilliance™ MRSA agar. Significantly higher nasal MRSA counts were observed in the zinc-treated (p = 0.015) and tetracycline-treated (p = 0.008) animals compared to the non-treated animals. Environmental MRSA counts appeared to increase over time in Groups 1 and 2 but such an increase was not statistically significant. MRSA-negative animals housed with MRSA-positive animals became positive in all groups, whereas the carriage status of the animals in Groups 5 and 6 did not change. This study demonstrates that feed supplemented with tetracycline or zinc increases the numbers of MRSA ST398 in the nasal cavity of pigs. Transmission of MRSA from positive to negative animals housed within the same pen was not influenced by exposure to these agents.",
keywords = "Former LIFE faculty, Carriage, Epidemiology, Heavy metals, Transmission",
author = "Arshnee Moodley and Nielsen, {S{\o}ren Saxmose} and Luca Guardabassi",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.025",
language = "English",
volume = "152",
pages = "420--423",
journal = "Veterinary Microbiology",
issn = "0378-1135",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of tetracycline and zinc on selection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type 398 in pigs

AU - Moodley, Arshnee

AU - Nielsen, Søren Saxmose

AU - Guardabassi, Luca

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - An in vivo experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of tetracycline and zinc on pig colonization and transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type (ST) 398. Eight piglets naturally colonized with MRSA ST398 and 8 MRSA-negative piglets of the same age and breed were assigned to three groups treated with tetracycline and zinc (Group 1), zinc (Group 2) or tetracycline alone (Group 3) and one non-treated group (Group 4), each containing two MRSA-positive and two MRSA-negative animals. Two additional non-treated control groups composed of only MRSA-positive (Group 5) and MRSA-negative (Group 6) animals were used to check for stability of MRSA carriage status. Nasal swabs and environmental wipes were collected on Days 0, 7, 14, and 21, and the occurrence of MRSA in each sample was quantified by bacteriological counts on Brilliance™ MRSA agar. Significantly higher nasal MRSA counts were observed in the zinc-treated (p = 0.015) and tetracycline-treated (p = 0.008) animals compared to the non-treated animals. Environmental MRSA counts appeared to increase over time in Groups 1 and 2 but such an increase was not statistically significant. MRSA-negative animals housed with MRSA-positive animals became positive in all groups, whereas the carriage status of the animals in Groups 5 and 6 did not change. This study demonstrates that feed supplemented with tetracycline or zinc increases the numbers of MRSA ST398 in the nasal cavity of pigs. Transmission of MRSA from positive to negative animals housed within the same pen was not influenced by exposure to these agents.

AB - An in vivo experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of tetracycline and zinc on pig colonization and transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type (ST) 398. Eight piglets naturally colonized with MRSA ST398 and 8 MRSA-negative piglets of the same age and breed were assigned to three groups treated with tetracycline and zinc (Group 1), zinc (Group 2) or tetracycline alone (Group 3) and one non-treated group (Group 4), each containing two MRSA-positive and two MRSA-negative animals. Two additional non-treated control groups composed of only MRSA-positive (Group 5) and MRSA-negative (Group 6) animals were used to check for stability of MRSA carriage status. Nasal swabs and environmental wipes were collected on Days 0, 7, 14, and 21, and the occurrence of MRSA in each sample was quantified by bacteriological counts on Brilliance™ MRSA agar. Significantly higher nasal MRSA counts were observed in the zinc-treated (p = 0.015) and tetracycline-treated (p = 0.008) animals compared to the non-treated animals. Environmental MRSA counts appeared to increase over time in Groups 1 and 2 but such an increase was not statistically significant. MRSA-negative animals housed with MRSA-positive animals became positive in all groups, whereas the carriage status of the animals in Groups 5 and 6 did not change. This study demonstrates that feed supplemented with tetracycline or zinc increases the numbers of MRSA ST398 in the nasal cavity of pigs. Transmission of MRSA from positive to negative animals housed within the same pen was not influenced by exposure to these agents.

KW - Former LIFE faculty

KW - Carriage

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Heavy metals

KW - Transmission

U2 - 10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.025

DO - 10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.025

M3 - Journal article

VL - 152

SP - 420

EP - 423

JO - Veterinary Microbiology

JF - Veterinary Microbiology

SN - 0378-1135

IS - 3-4

ER -

ID: 33948053