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Enamel proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine

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Enamel proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine. / Welker, Frido; Ramos-Madrigal, Jazmín; Kuhlwilm, Martin; Liao, Wei; Gutenbrunner, Petra; de Manuel, Marc; Samodova, Diana; Mackie, Meaghan; Allentoft, Morten E; Bacon, Anne-Marie; Collins, Matthew J.; Cox, Jürgen; Lalueza-Fox, Carles; Olsen, Jesper V; Demeter, Fabrice; Wang, Wei; Marques-Bonet, Tomas; Cappellini, Enrico.

I: Nature, Bind 576, 2019, s. 262-265.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Welker, F, Ramos-Madrigal, J, Kuhlwilm, M, Liao, W, Gutenbrunner, P, de Manuel, M, Samodova, D, Mackie, M, Allentoft, ME, Bacon, A-M, Collins, MJ, Cox, J, Lalueza-Fox, C, Olsen, JV, Demeter, F, Wang, W, Marques-Bonet, T & Cappellini, E 2019, 'Enamel proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine', Nature, bind 576, s. 262-265. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1728-8

APA

Welker, F., Ramos-Madrigal, J., Kuhlwilm, M., Liao, W., Gutenbrunner, P., de Manuel, M., ... Cappellini, E. (2019). Enamel proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine. Nature, 576, 262-265. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1728-8

Vancouver

Welker F, Ramos-Madrigal J, Kuhlwilm M, Liao W, Gutenbrunner P, de Manuel M o.a. Enamel proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine. Nature. 2019;576:262-265. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1728-8

Author

Welker, Frido ; Ramos-Madrigal, Jazmín ; Kuhlwilm, Martin ; Liao, Wei ; Gutenbrunner, Petra ; de Manuel, Marc ; Samodova, Diana ; Mackie, Meaghan ; Allentoft, Morten E ; Bacon, Anne-Marie ; Collins, Matthew J. ; Cox, Jürgen ; Lalueza-Fox, Carles ; Olsen, Jesper V ; Demeter, Fabrice ; Wang, Wei ; Marques-Bonet, Tomas ; Cappellini, Enrico. / Enamel proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine. I: Nature. 2019 ; Bind 576. s. 262-265.

Bibtex

@article{2acb69fb4f004bbabcdb7b94e2c4c2a1,
title = "Enamel proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine",
abstract = "Gigantopithecus blacki was a giant hominid that inhabited densely forested environments of Southeast Asia during the Pleistocene epoch1. Its evolutionary relationships to other great ape species, and the divergence of these species during the Middle and Late Miocene epoch (16-5.3 million years ago), remain unclear2,3. Hypotheses regarding the relationships between Gigantopithecus and extinct and extant hominids are wide ranging but difficult to substantiate because of its highly derived dentognathic morphology, the absence of cranial and post-cranial remains1,3-6, and the lack of independent molecular validation. We retrieved dental enamel proteome sequences from a 1.9-million-year-old G. blacki molar found in Chuifeng Cave, China7,8. The thermal age of these protein sequences is approximately five times greater than that of any previously published mammalian proteome or genome. We demonstrate that Gigantopithecus is a sister clade to orangutans (genus Pongo) with a common ancestor about 12-10 million years ago, implying that the divergence of Gigantopithecus from Pongo forms part of the Miocene radiation of great apes. In addition, we hypothesize that the expression of alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein, which has not been previously observed in enamel proteomes, had a role in the biomineralization of the thick enamel crowns that characterize the large molars in Gigantopithecus9,10. The survival of an Early Pleistocene dental enamel proteome in the subtropics further expands the scope of palaeoproteomic analysis into geographical areas and time periods previously considered incompatible with the preservation of substantial amounts of genetic information.",
author = "Frido Welker and Jazm{\'i}n Ramos-Madrigal and Martin Kuhlwilm and Wei Liao and Petra Gutenbrunner and {de Manuel}, Marc and Diana Samodova and Meaghan Mackie and Allentoft, {Morten E} and Anne-Marie Bacon and Collins, {Matthew J.} and J{\"u}rgen Cox and Carles Lalueza-Fox and Olsen, {Jesper V} and Fabrice Demeter and Wei Wang and Tomas Marques-Bonet and Enrico Cappellini",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1038/s41586-019-1728-8",
language = "English",
volume = "576",
pages = "262--265",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "nature publishing group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enamel proteome shows that Gigantopithecus was an early diverging pongine

AU - Welker, Frido

AU - Ramos-Madrigal, Jazmín

AU - Kuhlwilm, Martin

AU - Liao, Wei

AU - Gutenbrunner, Petra

AU - de Manuel, Marc

AU - Samodova, Diana

AU - Mackie, Meaghan

AU - Allentoft, Morten E

AU - Bacon, Anne-Marie

AU - Collins, Matthew J.

AU - Cox, Jürgen

AU - Lalueza-Fox, Carles

AU - Olsen, Jesper V

AU - Demeter, Fabrice

AU - Wang, Wei

AU - Marques-Bonet, Tomas

AU - Cappellini, Enrico

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Gigantopithecus blacki was a giant hominid that inhabited densely forested environments of Southeast Asia during the Pleistocene epoch1. Its evolutionary relationships to other great ape species, and the divergence of these species during the Middle and Late Miocene epoch (16-5.3 million years ago), remain unclear2,3. Hypotheses regarding the relationships between Gigantopithecus and extinct and extant hominids are wide ranging but difficult to substantiate because of its highly derived dentognathic morphology, the absence of cranial and post-cranial remains1,3-6, and the lack of independent molecular validation. We retrieved dental enamel proteome sequences from a 1.9-million-year-old G. blacki molar found in Chuifeng Cave, China7,8. The thermal age of these protein sequences is approximately five times greater than that of any previously published mammalian proteome or genome. We demonstrate that Gigantopithecus is a sister clade to orangutans (genus Pongo) with a common ancestor about 12-10 million years ago, implying that the divergence of Gigantopithecus from Pongo forms part of the Miocene radiation of great apes. In addition, we hypothesize that the expression of alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein, which has not been previously observed in enamel proteomes, had a role in the biomineralization of the thick enamel crowns that characterize the large molars in Gigantopithecus9,10. The survival of an Early Pleistocene dental enamel proteome in the subtropics further expands the scope of palaeoproteomic analysis into geographical areas and time periods previously considered incompatible with the preservation of substantial amounts of genetic information.

AB - Gigantopithecus blacki was a giant hominid that inhabited densely forested environments of Southeast Asia during the Pleistocene epoch1. Its evolutionary relationships to other great ape species, and the divergence of these species during the Middle and Late Miocene epoch (16-5.3 million years ago), remain unclear2,3. Hypotheses regarding the relationships between Gigantopithecus and extinct and extant hominids are wide ranging but difficult to substantiate because of its highly derived dentognathic morphology, the absence of cranial and post-cranial remains1,3-6, and the lack of independent molecular validation. We retrieved dental enamel proteome sequences from a 1.9-million-year-old G. blacki molar found in Chuifeng Cave, China7,8. The thermal age of these protein sequences is approximately five times greater than that of any previously published mammalian proteome or genome. We demonstrate that Gigantopithecus is a sister clade to orangutans (genus Pongo) with a common ancestor about 12-10 million years ago, implying that the divergence of Gigantopithecus from Pongo forms part of the Miocene radiation of great apes. In addition, we hypothesize that the expression of alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein, which has not been previously observed in enamel proteomes, had a role in the biomineralization of the thick enamel crowns that characterize the large molars in Gigantopithecus9,10. The survival of an Early Pleistocene dental enamel proteome in the subtropics further expands the scope of palaeoproteomic analysis into geographical areas and time periods previously considered incompatible with the preservation of substantial amounts of genetic information.

U2 - 10.1038/s41586-019-1728-8

DO - 10.1038/s41586-019-1728-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31723270

VL - 576

SP - 262

EP - 265

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

ER -

ID: 230342470