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Estimation of dead fuel moisture content from meteorological data in Mediterranean areas. Applications in fire danger assessment

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  • Aguado2007

    Forlagets udgivne version, 479 KB, PDF-dokument

  • Inmaculada Aguado
  • Emilio Chuvieco
  • Ricardo Borén
  • Hector Nieto Solana
The estimation of moisture content of dead fuels is a critical variable in fire danger assessment since it is strongly related to fire ignition and fire spread potential. This study evaluates the accuracy of two well-known meteorological moisture codes, the Canadian Fine Fuels Moisture Content and the US 10-h, to estimate fuel moisture content of dead fuels in Mediterranean areas. Cured grasses and litter have been used for this study. The study was conducted in two phases. The former aimed to select the most efficient code, and the latter to produce a spatial representation of that index for operational assessment of fire danger conditions. The first phase required calibration and validation of an estimation model based on regression analysis. Field samples were collected in the Cabañeros National Park (Central Spain) for a six-year period (1998–2003). The estimations were more accurate for litter (r2 between 0.52) than for cured grasslands (r2 0.11). In addition, grasslands showed higher variability in the trends among the study years. The two moisture codes evaluated in this paper offered similar trends, therefore, the 10-h code was selected since it is simpler to compute. The second phase was based on interpolating the required meteorological variables (temperature and relative humidity) to compute the 10-h moisture code. The interpolation was based on European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF) predictions. Finally, a simple method to combine the estimations of dead fuel moisture content with other variables associated to fire danger is presented in this paper. This method estimates the probability of ignition based on the moisture of extinction of each fuel type.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Wildland Fire
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)390-397
ISSN1049-8001
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 20 aug. 2007
Eksternt udgivetJa

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