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Evaluation of fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques to study long non-coding RNA expression in cultured cells

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Ricardo J Soares, Giulia Maglieri, Tony Gutschner, Sven Diederichs, Anders H Lund, Boye S Nielsen, Kim Holmstr M

Deciphering the functions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is facilitated by visualization of their subcellular localization using in situ hybridization (ISH) techniques. We evaluated four different ISH methods for detection of MALAT1 and CYTOR in cultured cells: a multiple probe detection approach with or without enzymatic signal amplification, a branched-DNA (bDNA) probe and an LNA-modified probe with enzymatic signal amplification. All four methods adequately stained MALAT1 in the nucleus in all of three cell lines investigated, HeLa, NHDF and T47D, and three of the methods detected the less expressed CYTOR. The sensitivity of the four ISH methods was evaluated by image analysis. In all three cell lines, the two methods involving enzymatic amplification gave the most intense MALAT1 signal, but the signal-to-background ratios were not different. CYTOR was best detected using the bDNA method. All four ISH methods showed significantly reduced MALAT1 signal in knock-out cells, and siRNA-induced knock-down of CYTOR resulted in significantly reduced CYTOR ISH signal, indicating good specificity of the probe designs and detection systems. Our data suggest that the ISH methods allow detection of both abundant and less abundantly expressed lncRNAs, although the latter required the use of the most specific and sensitive probe detection system.

TidsskriftNucleic Acids Research
Antal sider14
StatusUdgivet - 2018

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