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Experimental Salmonella typhimurium infections in rats. II. Active and passive immunization as protection against a lethal bacterial dose

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  • H P Hougen
  • E T Jensen
  • B Klausen
Immunization against a lethal dose of Salmonella typhimurium was studied in athymic and thymus-bearing LEW rats. Active immunization was performed with formalin-killed whole cell vaccine or sublethal infection prior to the lethal infection. After vaccination with killed bacteria the euthymic animals produced antibodies against S.typhimurium, but neither the euthymic nor the athymic animals survived the infection. After non-lethal infection euthymic and thymus-grafted nude rats were not affected by the second and otherwise lethal bacterial dose, and had high antibody titres. All the athymic nude rats died after the second and lethal bacterial challenge. Passive immunization with plasma from immunized euthymic animals did not protect any of the animals against the lethal bacterial dose. However, all animals survived when treated with large doses of spleen cells from immunized euthymic rats. Both athymic and thymus-bearing animals treated with primed spleen cells had high antibody titres. The percentages of splenic and lymph node T lymphocytes in primed spleen cell-treated athymic rats were comparable to those found in euthymic and thymus-grafted animals. Treatment with primed spleen cells from immunized thymus grafted animals provided only limited protective effect, and treatment with cells from athymic animals had no effect. The study shows that although isogeneic thymus-grafted nude rats become resistent to reinfection with S. typhimurium, only large doses of spleen cells from immunized euthymic animals can be used for passive transfer of immunity.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAPMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica
Vol/bind98
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)30-6
Antal sider7
ISSN0903-4641
StatusUdgivet - jan. 1990

ID: 44514423