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Expression of GLUT1 in stratified squamous epithelia and oral carcinoma from humans and rats

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Most cells express facilitative glucose transporters. Four isoforms (GLUT1-4) transporting D-glucose across the plasma membrane show a specific tissue distribution, which is the basis for tissue-specific patterns in glucose metabolism. GLUT1 is expressed at high levels in tissue barriers such as the blood-brain barrier, and this isoform has been suggested as an indicator of such barriers. GLUT1 has been found in basal layers of human epidermis where no such tissue barrier is present. To further clarify these issues, we examined the distribution of GLUT1 and GLUT4 in skin, different types of oral mucosa from rat and man, and a human oral carcinoma by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. The results showed that GLUT1 was expressed in the basal and parabasal layers of the different stratified squamous epithelia, with some variations between keratinized and non-keratinized subtypes. GLUT1 was also expressed in ductal- and myoepithelial cells of minor salivary glands and perineural sheath located in the lamina propra, and furthermore in the cells of an oral carcinoma. GLUT4 was not expressed in any of the tissues examined. This distribution of GLUT1 does not fit with the idea of GLUT1 as a general indicator of tissue barriers. In contrast, our results support the prevailing, but limited knowledge of glucose metabolism in squamous stratified epithelia, a metabolism believed to depend mostly on glycolysis, especially in the basal layers. High-level expression seemed to be confined to keratinocytes without glycogen stores.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAPMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
Vol/bind105
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)537-45
Antal sider9
ISSN0903-4641
StatusUdgivet - jul. 1997

ID: 119593982