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Extrinsic control of the release of galanin and VIP from intrinsic nerves of isolated, perfused, porcine ileum

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By immunohistochemistry galanin-like immunoreactivity and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-like immunoreactivity were found in nerve cell bodies mostly in the submucous plexus and in nerve fibres in the mucosa, submucosa and muscularis including the myenteric plexus of the porcine ileum and were found to co-exist in most of these structures. Using isolated, perfused porcine ileum we studied the release of galanin and VIP in response to electrical stimulation of the mixed periarterial nerves or to intraarterial infusions of different neuroactive agents. Nerve stimulation (4-10 Hz) inhibited the basal release of galanin and VIP from the ileum (to 69 +/- 6 and 62 +/- 6% of basal release). After infusion of the alpha-adrenergic blocker, phentolamine, (10(-6) M) electrical stimulation increased the release of both galanin and VIP (to 140 +/- 12 and 133 +/- 13% of basal output). This increase was abolished by atropine (10(-6) M) and by hexamethonium (3.10(-5) M). Infusion of norepinephrine (10(-6) M) inhibited, whereas acetylcholine (10(-6) M) stimulated the release of both peptides. The effect of the latter was abolished by atropine. The inhibitory effect of nerve stimulation was not influenced by atropine. Our results suggest that the galanin- and VIP-producing intrinsic neurons receive inhibitory signals by noradrenergic nerve fibers and stimulatory signals mediated by cholinergic nerves, possibly via a cholinergic interneuron.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRegulatory Peptides
Vol/bind38
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)179-98
Antal sider20
ISSN0167-0115
StatusUdgivet - 9 apr. 1992

ID: 47487648