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Facilitators of and barriers to return to work after mild traumatic injury: a thematic analysis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may experience protracted
symptoms affecting their ability to work. Several actors may facilitate or act as a
barrier to a successful return to work (RTW). This qualitative study used semistructured in-depth interviews with 22 adults with mTBI at 2–5 years post injury, targeting experiences of how different actors facilitated or acted as a barrier in the RTW process, and encompassed the mTBI trajectory from the acute phase to the post-acute phase. A thematic analysis with a hermeneutical phenomenological approach was used to analyse data. Three main themes emerged. (1) Worker– employer relationship: Workplace accommodations such as decreased working hours, modified working conditions, and support from co-workers were lacking. (2) The role of the general practitioner: The general practitioner was lacking treatment and referral opportunities and failed to provide the patient with relevant and individualized guidance. (3) Municipal case management: Participants perceived being met with distrust by social workers, follow-up assessments were too frequent, unnecessary, and did not target concussion, and rehabilitation was referred too late. Clinical practice guidelines to improve referral to relevant concussion rehabilitation in case of persistent symptoms are needed to inform clinicians, employers, and
public institutions to facilitate a successful RTW.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
ISSN0960-2011
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2020

ID: 243336823