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Fiber type-specific effects of acute exercise on insulin-stimulated AS160 phosphorylation in insulin-resistant rat skeletal muscle

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  • Mark W Pataky
  • Sydney L Van Acker
  • Rhea Dhingra
  • Marina M Freeburg
  • Edward B Arias
  • Kentaro Oki
  • Haiyan Wang
  • Treebak, Jonas Thue
  • Gregory D Cartee

Muscle is a heterogeneous tissue composed of multiple fiber types. Earlier research revealed fiber type-selective postexercise effects on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (ISGU) from insulin-resistant rats (increased for type IIA, IIB, IIBX, and IIX, but not type I). In whole muscle from insulin-resistant rats, the exercise increase in ISGU is accompanied by an exercise increase in insulin-stimulated AS160 phosphorylation (pAS160), an ISGU-regulating protein. We hypothesized that, in insulin-resistant muscle, the fiber type-selective exercise effects on ISGU would correspond to the fiber type-selective exercise effects on pAS160. Rats were fed a 2-wk high-fat diet (HFD) and remained sedentary (SED) or exercised before epitrochlearis muscles were dissected either immediately postexercise (IPEX) or at 3 h postexercise (3hPEX) using an exercise protocol that previously revealed fiber type-selective effects on ISGU. 3hPEX muscles and SED controls were incubated ± 100µU/mL insulin. Individual myofibers were isolated and pooled on the basis of myosin heavy chain (MHC) expression, and key phosphoproteins were measured. Myofiber glycogen and MHC expression were evaluated in muscles from other SED, IPEX, and 3hPEX rats. Insulin-stimulated pAktSer473 and pAktThr308 were unaltered by exercise in all fiber types. Insulin-stimulated pAS160 was greater for 3hPEX vs. SED on at least one phosphosite (Ser588, Thr642, and/or Ser704) in type IIA, IIBX, and IIB fibers, but not in type I or IIX fibers. Both IPEX and 3hPEX glycogen were decreased versus SED in all fiber types. These results provided evidence that fiber type-specific pAS160 in insulin-resistant muscle may play a role in the previously reported fiber type-specific elevation in ISGU in some, but not all, fiber types.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Vol/bind317
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)E984-E998
ISSN0193-1849
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

ID: 231301221