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Fluorescein-conjugated lysine monomers for solid phase synthesis of fluorescent peptides and PNA oligomers

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Fluorescein ethyl ester, I, was used to prepare the fluorescent mixed ester/ether 6-O-(carboxymethyl)-fluorescein ethyl ester, III. Conjugation of III to the epsilon-amino group of alpha-N-Boc-L-lysine, via the N-hydroxysuccinimde ester, IV, gave the Boc-protected fluorescein-conjugated lysine monomer V. Removal of the Boc group, followed by reaction with Fmoc chloride, gave the Fmoc-protected monomer, VI (Figure 1). These Boc- and Fmoc-protected fluorescein-conjugated lysines were readily incorporated into peptides and PNA oligomers during solid phase synthesis to give fluorescent products. Mass spectroscopy and UV studies showed that the fluorophore remains unchanged during solid phase synthesis. In contrast to fluorescein, the photophysical properties of these derivatives are pH independent from pH 3 to 8, with a molar absorption coefficient, epsilon max 456, of 2.9 x 10(4) M-1 cm-1 and fluorescence quantum yield, phi f, of 0.18.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBioconjugate Chemistry
Vol/bind8
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)503-9
Antal sider7
ISSN1043-1802
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jul. 1997

ID: 203633063