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Functional importance of the Ala(116)-Pro(136) region in the calcium-sensing receptor. Constitutive activity and inverse agonism in a family C G-protein-coupled receptor

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The calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) belongs to family C of the G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily. To date 14 activating mutations in CaR showing increased sensitivity to Ca(2+) have been identified in humans with autosomal dominant hypocalcemia. Four of these activating mutations are found in the Ala(116)-Pro(136) region of CaR, indicating that this part of the receptor is particularly sensitive to mutation-induced activation. This region was subjected to random saturation mutagenesis, and 219 mutant receptor clones were isolated and screened pharmacologically in a high throughput screening assay. Selected mutants were characterized further in an inositol phosphate assay. The vast majority of the mutants tested displayed an increased affinity for Ca(2+). Furthermore, 21 of the mutants showed increased basal activity in the absence of agonist. This constitutive activity was not diminished when the mutations were transferred to a chimeric receptor Ca/1a consisting of the amino-terminal domain of the CaR and the 7 transmembrane and intracellular domains of the metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR1a. CPCCOEt, a noncompetitive antagonist acting at the 7 transmembrane domain of mGluR1a, suppressed the elevated basal response of the constitutively activated Ca/1a mutants demonstrating inverse agonist activity of CPCCOEt. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the Ala(116)-Pro(136) region is of key importance for the maintenance of the inactive conformation of CaR.
TidsskriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
Udgave nummer38
Sider (fra-til)29547-55
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 2000

ID: 38485384