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Functional properties of the two redox-active sites in yeast protein disulphide isomerase in vitro and in vivo

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Protein folding catalysed by protein disulphide isomerase (PDI) has been studied both in vivo and in vitro using different assays. PDI contains a CGHC active site in each of its two catalytic domains (a and a'). The relative importance of each active site in PDI from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yPDI) has been analysed by exchanging the active-site cysteine residues for serine residues. The activity of the mutant forms of yPDI was determined quantitatively by following the refolding of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor in vitro. In this assay the activity of the wild-type yPDI is quite similar to that of human PDI, both in rearrangement and oxidation reactions. However, while the a domain active site of the human enzyme is more active than the a'-site, the reverse is the case for yPDI. This prompted us to set up an assay to investigate whether the situation would be different with a native yeast substrate, procarboxypeptidase Y. In this assay, however, the a' domain active site also appeared to be much more potent than the a-site. These results were unexpected, not only because of the difference with human PDI, but also because analysis of folding of procarboxypeptidase Y in vivo had shown the a-site to be most important. We furthermore show that the apparent difference between in vivo and in vitro activities is not due to catalytic contributions from the other PDI homologues found in yeast.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Molecular Biology
Vol/bind286
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1229-39
Antal sider11
ISSN0022-2836
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1999

ID: 43973993