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Genetic regulation of fluxes: iron homeostasis of Escherichia coli

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Iron is an essential trace-element for most organisms. However, because high concentration of free intracellular iron is cytotoxic, cells have developed complex regulatory networks that keep free intracellular iron concentration at optimal range, allowing the incorporation of the metal into iron-using enzymes and minimizing damage to the cell. We built a mathematical model of the network that controls iron uptake and usage in the bacterium Escherichia coli to explore the dynamics of iron flow. We simulate the effect of sudden decrease or increase in the extracellular iron level on intracellular iron distribution. Based on the results of simulations we discuss the possible roles of the small RNA RyhB and the Fe-S cluster assembly systems in the optimal redistribution of iron flows. We suggest that Fe-S cluster assembly is crucial to prevent the accumulation of toxic levels of free intracellular iron when the environment suddenly becomes iron rich.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNucleic Acids Research
Vol/bind34
Udgave nummer17
Sider (fra-til)4960-7
Antal sider8
ISSN0305-1048
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2006
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 163917719