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Gentacoll hampers epithelialisation and neovascularisation in excisional wounds in hairless mice

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Our aim was to analyse the effect of Gentacoll on the rate of epithelialisation and neovascularisation in wound healing. Standardised circular full thickness dermal wounds 2.25 mm in diameter were created on the dorsum of each ear on 24 hairless homozygous mice (n = 48). The cartilaginous layer was left intact. The wounds were treated in a randomised blinded fashion with bovine collagen implants with gentamicin (Gentacoll) (n = 17); bovine collagen implants without gentamicin (n = 15); and Silicone film (n = 16). Epithelialisation and neovascularisation were measured directly by intravital video-microscopy and computerised planimetry immediately after the wounds had been made and every third day until the wounds closed. Only five of the wounds treated with Gentacoll (n = 17) epithelialised completely; and their mean (SEM) epithelialisation time was 22.8 (1.6) days, significantly longer than controls without gentamicin (n = 15) for which the corresponding figures were 14.5 (0.6) days. In nine wounds treated with Gentacoll the ear cartilage in the wound bed perforated and two wounds developed severe inflammation, which was followed by self-mutilation. Neovascularisation was incomplete in all of the wounds in the Gentacoll group, whereas it was completed by 25.3 (0.7) days in the control group treated with implants without gentamicin. In the silicone treated group (n = 16), epithelialisation was completed by 12.7 (0.7) days and neovascularisation by 25.1 (0.5) days. None of wounds treated with collagen or silicone alone showed reactions similar to the Gentacoll-treated ears. Gentacoll hampers epithelialisation and neovascularisation, and might damage exposed cartilage.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)129-33
Antal sider5
ISSN0284-4311
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 1998

ID: 243521757