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Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins: the role of plasma amino acids and incretins

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Standard

Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins : the role of plasma amino acids and incretins. / Nilsson, Mikael; Stenberg, Marianne; Frid, Anders H; Holst, Jens Juul; Björck, Inger M E.

I: Uden navn, Bind 80, Nr. 5, 11.2004, s. 1246-53.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nilsson, M, Stenberg, M, Frid, AH, Holst, JJ & Björck, IME 2004, 'Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins: the role of plasma amino acids and incretins', Uden navn, bind 80, nr. 5, s. 1246-53.

APA

Nilsson, M., Stenberg, M., Frid, A. H., Holst, J. J., & Björck, I. M. E. (2004). Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins: the role of plasma amino acids and incretins. Uden navn, 80(5), 1246-53.

Vancouver

Nilsson M, Stenberg M, Frid AH, Holst JJ, Björck IME. Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins: the role of plasma amino acids and incretins. Uden navn. 2004 nov;80(5):1246-53.

Author

Nilsson, Mikael ; Stenberg, Marianne ; Frid, Anders H ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Björck, Inger M E. / Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins : the role of plasma amino acids and incretins. I: Uden navn. 2004 ; Bind 80, Nr. 5. s. 1246-53.

Bibtex

@article{31b3033a1fb04f2797d7b5cf1f7aae14,
title = "Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins: the role of plasma amino acids and incretins",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Milk products deviate from other carbohydrate-containing foods in that they produce high insulin responses, despite their low GI. The insulinotropic mechanism of milk has not been elucidated.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the effect of common dietary sources of animal or vegetable proteins on concentrations of postprandial blood glucose, insulin, amino acids, and incretin hormones [glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide 1] in healthy subjects.DESIGN: Twelve healthy volunteers were served test meals consisting of reconstituted milk, cheese, whey, cod, and wheat gluten with equivalent amounts of lactose. An equicarbohydrate load of white-wheat bread was used as a reference meal.RESULTS: A correlation was found between postprandial insulin responses and early increments in plasma amino acids; the strongest correlations were seen for leucine, valine, lysine, and isoleucine. A correlation was also obtained between responses of insulin and GIP concentrations. Reconstituted milk powder and whey had substantially lower postprandial glucose areas under the curve (AUCs) than did the bread reference (-62% and -57%, respectively). Whey meal was accompanied by higher AUCs for insulin (90%) and GIP (54%).CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that food proteins differ in their capacity to stimulate insulin release, possibly by differently affecting the early release of incretin hormones and insulinotropic amino acids. Milk proteins have insulinotropic properties; the whey fraction contains the predominating insulin secretagogue.",
keywords = "Adult, Amino Acids, Area Under Curve, Blood Glucose, Diet, Female, Glycemic Index, Humans, Insulin, Male, Milk Proteins, Postprandial Period",
author = "Mikael Nilsson and Marianne Stenberg and Frid, {Anders H} and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Bj{\"o}rck, {Inger M E}",
year = "2004",
month = nov,
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "1246--53",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Glycemia and insulinemia in healthy subjects after lactose-equivalent meals of milk and other food proteins

T2 - the role of plasma amino acids and incretins

AU - Nilsson, Mikael

AU - Stenberg, Marianne

AU - Frid, Anders H

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Björck, Inger M E

PY - 2004/11

Y1 - 2004/11

N2 - BACKGROUND: Milk products deviate from other carbohydrate-containing foods in that they produce high insulin responses, despite their low GI. The insulinotropic mechanism of milk has not been elucidated.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the effect of common dietary sources of animal or vegetable proteins on concentrations of postprandial blood glucose, insulin, amino acids, and incretin hormones [glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide 1] in healthy subjects.DESIGN: Twelve healthy volunteers were served test meals consisting of reconstituted milk, cheese, whey, cod, and wheat gluten with equivalent amounts of lactose. An equicarbohydrate load of white-wheat bread was used as a reference meal.RESULTS: A correlation was found between postprandial insulin responses and early increments in plasma amino acids; the strongest correlations were seen for leucine, valine, lysine, and isoleucine. A correlation was also obtained between responses of insulin and GIP concentrations. Reconstituted milk powder and whey had substantially lower postprandial glucose areas under the curve (AUCs) than did the bread reference (-62% and -57%, respectively). Whey meal was accompanied by higher AUCs for insulin (90%) and GIP (54%).CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that food proteins differ in their capacity to stimulate insulin release, possibly by differently affecting the early release of incretin hormones and insulinotropic amino acids. Milk proteins have insulinotropic properties; the whey fraction contains the predominating insulin secretagogue.

AB - BACKGROUND: Milk products deviate from other carbohydrate-containing foods in that they produce high insulin responses, despite their low GI. The insulinotropic mechanism of milk has not been elucidated.OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the effect of common dietary sources of animal or vegetable proteins on concentrations of postprandial blood glucose, insulin, amino acids, and incretin hormones [glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide 1] in healthy subjects.DESIGN: Twelve healthy volunteers were served test meals consisting of reconstituted milk, cheese, whey, cod, and wheat gluten with equivalent amounts of lactose. An equicarbohydrate load of white-wheat bread was used as a reference meal.RESULTS: A correlation was found between postprandial insulin responses and early increments in plasma amino acids; the strongest correlations were seen for leucine, valine, lysine, and isoleucine. A correlation was also obtained between responses of insulin and GIP concentrations. Reconstituted milk powder and whey had substantially lower postprandial glucose areas under the curve (AUCs) than did the bread reference (-62% and -57%, respectively). Whey meal was accompanied by higher AUCs for insulin (90%) and GIP (54%).CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that food proteins differ in their capacity to stimulate insulin release, possibly by differently affecting the early release of incretin hormones and insulinotropic amino acids. Milk proteins have insulinotropic properties; the whey fraction contains the predominating insulin secretagogue.

KW - Adult

KW - Amino Acids

KW - Area Under Curve

KW - Blood Glucose

KW - Diet

KW - Female

KW - Glycemic Index

KW - Humans

KW - Insulin

KW - Male

KW - Milk Proteins

KW - Postprandial Period

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15531672

VL - 80

SP - 1246

EP - 1253

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 132054089