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Health care expenditure in the last five years of life is driven by morbidity, not age: A national study of spending trajectories in Danish decedents over age 65

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Health care expenditure in the last five years of life is driven by morbidity, not age : A national study of spending trajectories in Danish decedents over age 65. / Hansen, Anne Vinkel; Mortensen, Laust Hvas; Trompet, Stella; Westendorp, Rudi.

I: PLoS ONE, Bind 15, Nr. 12 December, e0244061, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hansen, AV, Mortensen, LH, Trompet, S & Westendorp, R 2020, 'Health care expenditure in the last five years of life is driven by morbidity, not age: A national study of spending trajectories in Danish decedents over age 65', PLoS ONE, bind 15, nr. 12 December, e0244061. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244061

APA

Hansen, A. V., Mortensen, L. H., Trompet, S., & Westendorp, R. (2020). Health care expenditure in the last five years of life is driven by morbidity, not age: A national study of spending trajectories in Danish decedents over age 65. PLoS ONE, 15(12 December), [e0244061]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244061

Vancouver

Hansen AV, Mortensen LH, Trompet S, Westendorp R. Health care expenditure in the last five years of life is driven by morbidity, not age: A national study of spending trajectories in Danish decedents over age 65. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(12 December). e0244061. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244061

Author

Hansen, Anne Vinkel ; Mortensen, Laust Hvas ; Trompet, Stella ; Westendorp, Rudi. / Health care expenditure in the last five years of life is driven by morbidity, not age : A national study of spending trajectories in Danish decedents over age 65. I: PLoS ONE. 2020 ; Bind 15, Nr. 12 December.

Bibtex

@article{9c5ab974c7c043a09876ac6cb2bee53b,
title = "Health care expenditure in the last five years of life is driven by morbidity, not age: A national study of spending trajectories in Danish decedents over age 65",
abstract = "Background The high level of medical spending at the end of life is well-documented, but whether there is any real potential for cost reductions there is still in question, and studies have tended to overlook the costs of care. Aim To identify the most common health care spending trajectories over the last five years of life among older Danes, as well as the determinants of following a given trajectory. Methods We linked Danish health registries to obtain data on all health care expenditure (including hospital treatment, prescription drugs, primary care and costs of communal care) over the last five years of life for all Danish decedents above age 65 in the period 2013 through 2017. A latent class analysis identified the most common cost trajectories, which were then related to socio-economical characteristics and health status at five years before death. Results Total health care expenditures in the last five years of life were largely independent of age and cause of death. Costs of home care and residential care increased steeply with age at death whereas hospital costs decreased correspondingly. We found four main spending trajectories among decedents: 3 percent followed a late-rise trajectory, 11 percent had accelerating costs, and two groups of 43 percent each followed moderately or consistently high trajectories. The main predictor of total expenditure was the number of chronic diseases. Interpretation Spending at the end of life is largely determined by chronic disease, and age and cause of death only determine the distribution of expenses into care and cure.",
author = "Hansen, {Anne Vinkel} and Mortensen, {Laust Hvas} and Stella Trompet and Rudi Westendorp",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0244061",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "12 December",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Health care expenditure in the last five years of life is driven by morbidity, not age

T2 - A national study of spending trajectories in Danish decedents over age 65

AU - Hansen, Anne Vinkel

AU - Mortensen, Laust Hvas

AU - Trompet, Stella

AU - Westendorp, Rudi

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Background The high level of medical spending at the end of life is well-documented, but whether there is any real potential for cost reductions there is still in question, and studies have tended to overlook the costs of care. Aim To identify the most common health care spending trajectories over the last five years of life among older Danes, as well as the determinants of following a given trajectory. Methods We linked Danish health registries to obtain data on all health care expenditure (including hospital treatment, prescription drugs, primary care and costs of communal care) over the last five years of life for all Danish decedents above age 65 in the period 2013 through 2017. A latent class analysis identified the most common cost trajectories, which were then related to socio-economical characteristics and health status at five years before death. Results Total health care expenditures in the last five years of life were largely independent of age and cause of death. Costs of home care and residential care increased steeply with age at death whereas hospital costs decreased correspondingly. We found four main spending trajectories among decedents: 3 percent followed a late-rise trajectory, 11 percent had accelerating costs, and two groups of 43 percent each followed moderately or consistently high trajectories. The main predictor of total expenditure was the number of chronic diseases. Interpretation Spending at the end of life is largely determined by chronic disease, and age and cause of death only determine the distribution of expenses into care and cure.

AB - Background The high level of medical spending at the end of life is well-documented, but whether there is any real potential for cost reductions there is still in question, and studies have tended to overlook the costs of care. Aim To identify the most common health care spending trajectories over the last five years of life among older Danes, as well as the determinants of following a given trajectory. Methods We linked Danish health registries to obtain data on all health care expenditure (including hospital treatment, prescription drugs, primary care and costs of communal care) over the last five years of life for all Danish decedents above age 65 in the period 2013 through 2017. A latent class analysis identified the most common cost trajectories, which were then related to socio-economical characteristics and health status at five years before death. Results Total health care expenditures in the last five years of life were largely independent of age and cause of death. Costs of home care and residential care increased steeply with age at death whereas hospital costs decreased correspondingly. We found four main spending trajectories among decedents: 3 percent followed a late-rise trajectory, 11 percent had accelerating costs, and two groups of 43 percent each followed moderately or consistently high trajectories. The main predictor of total expenditure was the number of chronic diseases. Interpretation Spending at the end of life is largely determined by chronic disease, and age and cause of death only determine the distribution of expenses into care and cure.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0244061

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0244061

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33338069

AN - SCOPUS:85098152304

VL - 15

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 12 December

M1 - e0244061

ER -

ID: 255309977