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High levels of CD8-positive lymphocytes expressing CD45R0, granzyme B, and Ki-67 in lymph nodes of HIV-infected individuals are not associated with increased mortality

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Lymph nodes constitute the major site of HIV replication and of immunological response to HIV. To study the role of cytotoxic and mitotic active CD8(+) lymphocytes in lymph nodes during HIV infection we examined 28 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded lymph nodes sampled from 1984 to 1986 from 21 HIV-seropositive patients and seven HIV-negative patients. Eleven of the HIV-positive patients died within 78 months of biopsy time and 10 patients were alive on July 1, 1998. Double immunohistochemical staining procedures were developed to identify CD8(+) cells expressing CD45R0, granzyme B, and Ki-67. A stereological method was used to count the different cell types in the lymph nodes. There were no significant differences in the total cell (nucleated) and CD3(+) cell concentrations between the three groups. However, there were significantly higher concentrations of CD3(+)CD8(+), CD8(+)CD45R0(+), and CD8(+)Ki-67(+) lymphocytes in the HIV patients compared with the control group. Furthermore, there was a tendency for the HIV-deceased group to have lower levels of CD8(+)granzyme B(+) and CD8(+)Ki-67(+) lymphocyte concentrations compared with the HIV-alive group. Three HIV patients, who progressed to death within 49 months of biopsy time, were among the patients with the lowest concentrations of CD8(+)granzyme B(+) and CD8(+)Ki-67(+) lymphocytes. This finding allowed us to conclude that CD8(+) lymphocytes expressing high levels of CD45R0, granzyme B, and Ki-67 in lymph nodes of HIV patients are not related to increased mortality, whereas low concentrations of CD8(+) granzyme B(+) and CD8(+)Ki-67(+) lymphocytes may be associated with poor prognosis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Vol/bind17
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)287-93
Antal sider7
ISSN0889-2229
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 mar. 2001

ID: 180571625