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Hypocapnia prevents the decrease in regional cerebral metabolism during isoflurane-induced hypotension.

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Standard

Hypocapnia prevents the decrease in regional cerebral metabolism during isoflurane-induced hypotension. / Waaben, J; Husum, B; Hansen, A J; Gjedde, A.

I: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology, Bind 1, Nr. 1, 1989, s. 29-34.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Waaben, J, Husum, B, Hansen, AJ & Gjedde, A 1989, 'Hypocapnia prevents the decrease in regional cerebral metabolism during isoflurane-induced hypotension.', Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology, bind 1, nr. 1, s. 29-34.

APA

Waaben, J., Husum, B., Hansen, A. J., & Gjedde, A. (1989). Hypocapnia prevents the decrease in regional cerebral metabolism during isoflurane-induced hypotension. Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology, 1(1), 29-34.

Vancouver

Waaben J, Husum B, Hansen AJ, Gjedde A. Hypocapnia prevents the decrease in regional cerebral metabolism during isoflurane-induced hypotension. Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology. 1989;1(1):29-34.

Author

Waaben, J ; Husum, B ; Hansen, A J ; Gjedde, A. / Hypocapnia prevents the decrease in regional cerebral metabolism during isoflurane-induced hypotension. I: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology. 1989 ; Bind 1, Nr. 1. s. 29-34.

Bibtex

@article{217e1610b31511debc73000ea68e967b,
title = "Hypocapnia prevents the decrease in regional cerebral metabolism during isoflurane-induced hypotension.",
abstract = "In neurologic surgery, induced hypotension is often used while the patient is hypocapnic. We investigated, by tissue biopsy methods and scintillation counting, the regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMRglc) and blood flow (rCBF) in rats subjected to hypocapnia alone and in combination with hypotension. Anesthesia was maintained with 1.0{\%} isoflurane in nitrous oxide/oxygen. Seven rats were maintained at PaCO2 of 40 mm Hg, six rats were ventilated to PaCO2 of 20 mm Hg, and six animals to PaCO2 of 20 mm Hg in combination with arterial hypotension of 50 mm Hg induced by isoflurane 2.5-3.5{\%}. During hypocapnia, rCMRglc tended to increase in all regions, but the increase was statistically insignificant; rCBF was reduced uniformly by 40{\%}. During combined hypocapnia/hypotension, rCMRglc was unaltered when compared to hypocapnia; compared to normocapnia, increases were seen in hippocampus and cerebellum. During hypocapnia/hypotension, rCBF was unaltered in cortical areas, while increases were seen in all subcortical areas compared to hypocapnia. Regional values of the ratio of rCBF/rCMRglc indicated that during hypocapnia and hypotension induced by isoflurane in nitrous oxide/oxygen, the individual brain areas were perfused according to their metabolic needs. It is suggested that hypocapnia may prevent the decrease in rCMRglc, which is usually observed during deep isoflurane anesthesia.",
author = "J Waaben and B Husum and Hansen, {A J} and A Gjedde",
year = "1989",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "29--34",
journal = "Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology",
issn = "0898-4921",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hypocapnia prevents the decrease in regional cerebral metabolism during isoflurane-induced hypotension.

AU - Waaben, J

AU - Husum, B

AU - Hansen, A J

AU - Gjedde, A

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - In neurologic surgery, induced hypotension is often used while the patient is hypocapnic. We investigated, by tissue biopsy methods and scintillation counting, the regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMRglc) and blood flow (rCBF) in rats subjected to hypocapnia alone and in combination with hypotension. Anesthesia was maintained with 1.0% isoflurane in nitrous oxide/oxygen. Seven rats were maintained at PaCO2 of 40 mm Hg, six rats were ventilated to PaCO2 of 20 mm Hg, and six animals to PaCO2 of 20 mm Hg in combination with arterial hypotension of 50 mm Hg induced by isoflurane 2.5-3.5%. During hypocapnia, rCMRglc tended to increase in all regions, but the increase was statistically insignificant; rCBF was reduced uniformly by 40%. During combined hypocapnia/hypotension, rCMRglc was unaltered when compared to hypocapnia; compared to normocapnia, increases were seen in hippocampus and cerebellum. During hypocapnia/hypotension, rCBF was unaltered in cortical areas, while increases were seen in all subcortical areas compared to hypocapnia. Regional values of the ratio of rCBF/rCMRglc indicated that during hypocapnia and hypotension induced by isoflurane in nitrous oxide/oxygen, the individual brain areas were perfused according to their metabolic needs. It is suggested that hypocapnia may prevent the decrease in rCMRglc, which is usually observed during deep isoflurane anesthesia.

AB - In neurologic surgery, induced hypotension is often used while the patient is hypocapnic. We investigated, by tissue biopsy methods and scintillation counting, the regional cerebral glucose utilization (rCMRglc) and blood flow (rCBF) in rats subjected to hypocapnia alone and in combination with hypotension. Anesthesia was maintained with 1.0% isoflurane in nitrous oxide/oxygen. Seven rats were maintained at PaCO2 of 40 mm Hg, six rats were ventilated to PaCO2 of 20 mm Hg, and six animals to PaCO2 of 20 mm Hg in combination with arterial hypotension of 50 mm Hg induced by isoflurane 2.5-3.5%. During hypocapnia, rCMRglc tended to increase in all regions, but the increase was statistically insignificant; rCBF was reduced uniformly by 40%. During combined hypocapnia/hypotension, rCMRglc was unaltered when compared to hypocapnia; compared to normocapnia, increases were seen in hippocampus and cerebellum. During hypocapnia/hypotension, rCBF was unaltered in cortical areas, while increases were seen in all subcortical areas compared to hypocapnia. Regional values of the ratio of rCBF/rCMRglc indicated that during hypocapnia and hypotension induced by isoflurane in nitrous oxide/oxygen, the individual brain areas were perfused according to their metabolic needs. It is suggested that hypocapnia may prevent the decrease in rCMRglc, which is usually observed during deep isoflurane anesthesia.

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15815236

VL - 1

SP - 29

EP - 34

JO - Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology

JF - Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology

SN - 0898-4921

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 14944961