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Impaired coronary microcirculation in type 2 diabetic patients is associated with elevated circulating regulatory T cells and reduced number of IL-21R⁺ T cells

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Bernt Johan von Scholten
  • Alexander Rosendahl
  • Philip Hasbak
  • Regine Bergholdt
  • Andreas Kjær
  • Rossing, Peter
  • Tine W Hansen

BACKGROUND: Low-grade systemic inflammation is considered to participate in the progression of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and in diabetic complications.

METHODS: To determine if circulating leukocytes were abnormally regulated in T2D patients, 8-color flow-cytometry (FACS) analysis was performed in a cross-sectional study of 37 T2D patients and 16 controls. Data obtained from the FACS analysis were compared to coronary flow reserve (CFR), assessed by Rb(82)-PET-imaging, to uncover inflammatory signatures associated with impaired CFR.

RESULTS: Presence of T2D was associated with T cell attenuation characterized by reduced overall T cell, Th17, IL-21R(+), Treg's and TLR4(+) T cells, while the monocyte population showed enhanced TLR4 expression. Further, our data revealed reduced M1-like CD11c expression in T2D which was associated with impaired CFR. In contrast, we show, for the first time in T2D, increased TLR4 expression on CD8 T cells, increased Treg cell number and Treg maturation and reduced IL-21R expression on CD8 T cells to be functionally associated with impaired CFR.

CONCLUSIONS: Our demonstration that HbA1c inversely correlates to several T cell populations suggests that T cells may play disease modulating roles in T2D. Further, the novel association between impaired CFR and regulatory T cells and IL-21R(+) T cells imply an intricate balance in maintaining tissue homeostasis in vascular diabetic complications.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer67
TidsskriftCardiovascular Diabetology
Vol/bind15
Antal sider18
ISSN1475-2840
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 19 apr. 2016

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