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Improvement of lymphocyte proliferation in human immunodeficiency virus infection after recombinant interleukin-2 treatment.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikel

  • P Afzelius
  • S D Nielsen
  • Jens Ole Nielsen
  • J E Hansen
In this study, the effect of recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) on the function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients was examined. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), an impaired ability of PBMC from 8 patients to respond upon mitogen stimulation with expression of IL-2 and IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) was found compared with healthy donors (p = 0.02 and p = 0.05, respectively). Flow cytometry was used to determine the expression of p55 interleukin-2 alpha-receptor (CD25) after phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulation. Induced CD25 expression in response to stimulation was lower in patient cells than in donor cells (in CD4+ (p = 0.01) and in CD8+ (p = 0.03)). After rlL-2 treatment, the functionality of ex vivo expanded PBMC from patients was restored to the level found in donors. Finally, the induced gene expressions for IL-2 and IL-2R were positively correlated (p < 0.0001), suggesting that the activation of the IL-2 and IL-2R genes in humans may share a common activation pathway, as has been found in monkeys infected by simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). These results indicate the existence of a reversible IL-2 and IL-2R defect at the pretranscriptional or transcriptional level in PBMC from patients. This may help explain the T-cell anergy found during HIV-infection.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Vol/bind31
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)437-442
Antal sider6
ISSN0036-5548
StatusUdgivet - 1999

ID: 34124800