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In vitro and in vivo comparison of microcontainers and microspheres for oral drug delivery

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Microcontainers, which are microfabricated cylindrical devices with a reservoir function, have shown promise as an oral drug delivery system for small molecular drug compounds. However, they have never been evaluated against a relevant control formulation. In the current study, we prepared microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) microspheres as a control for in vitro and in vivo testing of SU-8 microcontainers as an oral drug delivery system. Both dosage forms were loaded with paracetamol and coated with chitosan or polyethylene glycol (PEG) (12 kDa). These coatings were followed by an additional enteric coating of Eudragit (R) S100. In addition, a control dosage form was coated with Eudragit (R) alone. The dosage forms were evaluated in vitro, in a physiologically relevant two-step model simulating rat gastrointestinal fluids, and in vivo by oral administration to rats. In vitro, the microcontainers coated with PEG/Eudragit (R) resulted in a prolonged release of paracetamol compared to the respective microspheres, which was consistent with in vivo observations of a later time (T-max) for maximum plasma concentration (C-max) for the microcontainers. For microspheres and microcontainers coated with chitosan/Eudragit (R), the time for complete in vitro release of paracetamol was very similar, due to an earlier release from the microcontainers. This trend was supported by very similar T-max values in vivo. The in vitro in vivo relation was confirmed by a linear regression with R-2 = 0.9, when T-max for each dosage form was plotted as a function of time for 90% paracetamol release in vitro. From the in vivo study, the average plasma concentration of paracetamol 120 min after dosing was significantly higher for microcontainers than for microspheres (0.3 +/- 0.1 mu g/mL and 0.1 +/-

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer120516
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Vol/bind600
Antal sider9
ISSN0378-5173
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2021

ID: 272375194