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In vitro biochemical characterization of all barley endosperm starch synthases

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In vitro biochemical characterization of all barley endosperm starch synthases. / Cuesta-Seijo, Jose A.; Nielsen, Morten M.; Ruzanski, Christian; Krucewicz, Katarzyna; Beeren, Sophie R; Rydhal, Maja G.; Yoshimura, Yayoi; Striebeck, Alexander; Motawie, Mohammed Saddik; Willats, William George Tycho; Palcic, Monica M.

I: Frontiers in Plant Science, Bind 6, 1265, 2016.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Cuesta-Seijo, JA, Nielsen, MM, Ruzanski, C, Krucewicz, K, Beeren, SR, Rydhal, MG, Yoshimura, Y, Striebeck, A, Motawie, MS, Willats, WGT & Palcic, MM 2016, 'In vitro biochemical characterization of all barley endosperm starch synthases', Frontiers in Plant Science, bind 6, 1265. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.01265

APA

Cuesta-Seijo, J. A., Nielsen, M. M., Ruzanski, C., Krucewicz, K., Beeren, S. R., Rydhal, M. G., ... Palcic, M. M. (2016). In vitro biochemical characterization of all barley endosperm starch synthases. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, [1265]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.01265

Vancouver

Cuesta-Seijo JA, Nielsen MM, Ruzanski C, Krucewicz K, Beeren SR, Rydhal MG o.a. In vitro biochemical characterization of all barley endosperm starch synthases. Frontiers in Plant Science. 2016;6. 1265. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.01265

Author

Cuesta-Seijo, Jose A. ; Nielsen, Morten M. ; Ruzanski, Christian ; Krucewicz, Katarzyna ; Beeren, Sophie R ; Rydhal, Maja G. ; Yoshimura, Yayoi ; Striebeck, Alexander ; Motawie, Mohammed Saddik ; Willats, William George Tycho ; Palcic, Monica M. / In vitro biochemical characterization of all barley endosperm starch synthases. I: Frontiers in Plant Science. 2016 ; Bind 6.

Bibtex

@article{e33149aafa334193930ac6b79bfc7bcf,
title = "In vitro biochemical characterization of all barley endosperm starch synthases",
abstract = "Starch is the main storage polysaccharide in cereals and the major source of calories in the human diet. It is synthesized by a panel of enzymes including five classes of starch synthases (SSs). While the overall starch synthase (SS) reaction is known, the functional differences between the five SS classes are poorly understood. Much of our knowledge comes from analyzing mutant plants with altered SS activities, but the resulting data are often difficult to interpret as a result of pleitropic effects, competition between enzymes, overlaps in enzyme activity and disruption of multi-enzyme complexes. Here we provide a detailed biochemical study of the activity of all five classes of SSs in barley endosperm. Each enzyme was produced recombinantly in E. coli and the properties and modes of action in vitro were studied in isolation from other SSs and other substrate modifying activities. Our results define the mode of action of each SS class in unprecedented detail; we analyze their substrate selection, temperature dependence and stability, substrate affinity and temporal abundance during barley development. Our results are at variance with some generally accepted ideas about starch biosynthesis and might lead to the reinterpretation of results obtained in planta. In particular, they indicate that granule bound SS is capable of processive action even in the absence of a starch matrix, that SSI has no elongation limit, and that SSIV, believed to be critical for the initiation of starch granules, has maltoligosaccharides and not polysaccharides as its preferred substrates.",
author = "Cuesta-Seijo, {Jose A.} and Nielsen, {Morten M.} and Christian Ruzanski and Katarzyna Krucewicz and Beeren, {Sophie R} and Rydhal, {Maja G.} and Yayoi Yoshimura and Alexander Striebeck and Motawie, {Mohammed Saddik} and Willats, {William George Tycho} and Palcic, {Monica M}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.3389/fpls.2015.01265",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Frontiers in Plant Science",
issn = "1664-462X",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - In vitro biochemical characterization of all barley endosperm starch synthases

AU - Cuesta-Seijo, Jose A.

AU - Nielsen, Morten M.

AU - Ruzanski, Christian

AU - Krucewicz, Katarzyna

AU - Beeren, Sophie R

AU - Rydhal, Maja G.

AU - Yoshimura, Yayoi

AU - Striebeck, Alexander

AU - Motawie, Mohammed Saddik

AU - Willats, William George Tycho

AU - Palcic, Monica M

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Starch is the main storage polysaccharide in cereals and the major source of calories in the human diet. It is synthesized by a panel of enzymes including five classes of starch synthases (SSs). While the overall starch synthase (SS) reaction is known, the functional differences between the five SS classes are poorly understood. Much of our knowledge comes from analyzing mutant plants with altered SS activities, but the resulting data are often difficult to interpret as a result of pleitropic effects, competition between enzymes, overlaps in enzyme activity and disruption of multi-enzyme complexes. Here we provide a detailed biochemical study of the activity of all five classes of SSs in barley endosperm. Each enzyme was produced recombinantly in E. coli and the properties and modes of action in vitro were studied in isolation from other SSs and other substrate modifying activities. Our results define the mode of action of each SS class in unprecedented detail; we analyze their substrate selection, temperature dependence and stability, substrate affinity and temporal abundance during barley development. Our results are at variance with some generally accepted ideas about starch biosynthesis and might lead to the reinterpretation of results obtained in planta. In particular, they indicate that granule bound SS is capable of processive action even in the absence of a starch matrix, that SSI has no elongation limit, and that SSIV, believed to be critical for the initiation of starch granules, has maltoligosaccharides and not polysaccharides as its preferred substrates.

AB - Starch is the main storage polysaccharide in cereals and the major source of calories in the human diet. It is synthesized by a panel of enzymes including five classes of starch synthases (SSs). While the overall starch synthase (SS) reaction is known, the functional differences between the five SS classes are poorly understood. Much of our knowledge comes from analyzing mutant plants with altered SS activities, but the resulting data are often difficult to interpret as a result of pleitropic effects, competition between enzymes, overlaps in enzyme activity and disruption of multi-enzyme complexes. Here we provide a detailed biochemical study of the activity of all five classes of SSs in barley endosperm. Each enzyme was produced recombinantly in E. coli and the properties and modes of action in vitro were studied in isolation from other SSs and other substrate modifying activities. Our results define the mode of action of each SS class in unprecedented detail; we analyze their substrate selection, temperature dependence and stability, substrate affinity and temporal abundance during barley development. Our results are at variance with some generally accepted ideas about starch biosynthesis and might lead to the reinterpretation of results obtained in planta. In particular, they indicate that granule bound SS is capable of processive action even in the absence of a starch matrix, that SSI has no elongation limit, and that SSIV, believed to be critical for the initiation of starch granules, has maltoligosaccharides and not polysaccharides as its preferred substrates.

U2 - 10.3389/fpls.2015.01265

DO - 10.3389/fpls.2015.01265

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26858729

VL - 6

JO - Frontiers in Plant Science

JF - Frontiers in Plant Science

SN - 1664-462X

M1 - 1265

ER -

ID: 162714401