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Increased intracellular Th1 cytokines in scid mice with inflammatory bowel disease

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  • S Bregenholt
  • Mogens Helweg Claesson
Severe combined immunodeficient (scid) mice engrafted with small pieces of full thickness gut wall from immunocompetent syngenic donors develop a chronic and lethal colitis. Lymphocytes from the lamina propria of engrafted mice were analyzed for phorbol ester/ionomycin-induced cytokine production by intracellular staining. A 4-5-fold increase in the fraction of IFN-gamma-producing CD4+ lamina propria T cells was found in moderately and severely diseased mice when compared to healthy congenic C.B-17 control mice. The number of IL-2-producing T cells was increased by approximately 2-fold when comparing mice suffering from severe disease to healthy control mice. The fraction of TNF-alpha positive CD4+ T cells was increased by a factor of two in both moderately and severely diseased mice. When analyzing Th2 cytokines, it was found that the levels of IL-4-producing CD4+ T cells was not altered in diseased animals, whereas the fraction IL-10-producing CD4+ T cells was reduced by a factor of 20. The combined data showed a 15-25-fold increase in the Th1/Th2 ratio of diseased mice when compared to healthy control mice. No intracellular cytokines could be detected in lymphocytes not treated with phorbol ester/ionomycin. The present data identify a prominent role for Th1-type T helper cells in the immunopathogenesis of gut wall graft-induced inflammatory bowel disease in scid mice.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Immunology
Vol/bind28
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)379-389
Antal sider11
ISSN0014-2980
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 1998

ID: 213876