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Inhibition of Flp Recombinase by the Topoisomerase I-targeting Drugs, Camptothecin and NSC-314622

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  • Rikke From Frøhlich
  • Stefan Gude Hansen
  • Lisby, Michael
  • Ian Grainge
  • Ole Westergaard
  • Makkuni Jayaram
  • Birgitta Ruth Knudsen

Recombinases of the λ-Int family and type IB topoisomerases act by introducing transient single strand breaks in DNA using chemically identical reaction schemes. Recent structural data have supported the relationship between the two enzyme groups by revealing considerable similarities in the architecture of their catalytic pockets. In this study we show that the Int-type recombinase Flp is inhibited by the two structurally unrelated topoisomerase I-directed anti-cancer drugs, camptothecin (CPT) and NSC-314622. The interaction of these drugs with topoisomerase I is very specific with several single amino acid substitutions conferring drug resistance to the enzyme. Thus, the observed interaction of CPT and NSC-314622 with Flp, which is comparable to their interaction with the cleavage complex formed by topoisomerase I, strongly supports a close mechanistic and evolutionary relationship between the two enzymes. The results suggest that Flp and other Int family recombinases may provide model systems for dissecting the molecular mechanisms of topoisomerase I-directed anti-cancer therapeutic agents.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
Vol/bind276
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)6993-6997
Antal sider5
ISSN0021-9258
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 9 mar. 2001

ID: 241306141