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Interleukin-6-receptor polymorphisms rs12083537, rs2228145, and rs4329505 as predictors of response to tocilizumab in rheumatoid arthritis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftLetterForskningfagfællebedømt

Tocilizumab (TCZ), a monoclonal antibody targeting the human interleukin-6-receptor (IL-6R), is indicated for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We examined whether three IL6R single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs12083537, rs2228145 (formerly rs8192284), and rs4329505 with previously reported functional effects were associated with clinical response to TCZ in a retrospective study cohort consisting of 79 RA patients. Three months after initiation of TCZ therapy, changes in swollen joint count (SJC) and, subordinately, tender joint count (TJC), serum-CRP, DAS28-CRP, and EULAR-response were tested for association with the IL6R-haplotype or genotype. The major allele (A) of rs12083537 and the minor allele (C) of rs4329505 were associated with a poor SJC response (P=0.02 and 0.02, respectively). Moreover, the AAC-haplotype (for rs12083537, rs2228145, and rs4329505, respectively) was associated with a poor SJC response (P=0.00004) and, with borderline significance, EULAR-response (P=0.05). These data suggest that genetic variation in IL6R may aid in predicting TCZ therapy outcome in RA patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPharmacogenetics and Genomics
Vol/bind24
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)401-405
Antal sider5
ISSN1744-6872
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2014

ID: 138143874