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Internal Ca2+ mobilization and secretion in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells

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Since secretion from intact bovine adrenal chromaffin cells in response to depolarization by nicotine is triggered by a rise in the concentration of intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) to about 200-300 nM above basal, it has been assumed that the failure of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-mobilizing muscarinic agonists to induce secretion reflects the fact that the 50 nM rise in [Ca2+]i they elicit is insufficient to trigger the exocytotic machinery. A recent report, however, has demonstrated that some of the nicotine-induced rise in [Ca2+]i could originate from the InsP3-releasable Ca2+ store. The role of this Ca2+ store in secretion from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells is therefore unclear. In order to investigate in more detail the role of the InsP3-sensitive Ca2+ store in secretion from these cells, we have used a combination of an InsP3-mobilizing muscarinic agonist and the sesquiterpene lactone thapsigargin (TG), which releases internal Ca2+ without concomitant breakdown of inositol lipids or protein kinase C activation, to examine the events which follow depletion of the releasable Ca2+ store in these cells. Monitoring [Ca2+]i using Fura-2 demonstrated that TG released Ca2+ from the InsP3-sensitive store and, additionally, that the Ca2+ response to TG was composed of two distinct, temporally separated, components: a) a slow (1 min) increase in [Ca2+]i to approximately 50 nM above basal that was independent of extracellular Ca2+ and b) the maintenance of this level at a new steady-state that was dependent on the continual entry of extracellular Ca2+.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCell Calcium
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)213-21
Antal sider9
ISSN0143-4160
StatusUdgivet - 1989

ID: 43350136