Forskning ved Københavns Universitet - Københavns Universitet

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Interplay between LOX enzymes and integrins in the tumor microenvironment

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

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Members of the lysyl oxidase (LOX) family are secreted copper-dependent amine oxidases that catalyze the covalent crosslinking of collagens and elastin in the extracellular matrix (ECM), an essential process for the structural integrity of all tissues. LOX enzymes can also remodel the tumor microenvironment and have been implicated in all stages of tumor initiation and progression of many cancer types. Changes in the ECM can influence several cancer cell phenotypes. Integrin adhesion complexes (IACs) physically connect cells with their microenvironment. This review article summarizes the main findings on the role of LOX proteins in modulating the tumor microenvironment, with a particular focus on how ECM changes are integrated by IACs to modulate cells behavior. Finally, we discuss how the development of selective LOX inhibitors may lead to novel and effective therapies in cancer treatment.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer729
TidsskriftCancers
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer5
Antal sider17
ISSN2072-6694
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2019

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