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Isoform-specific binding of human apolipoprotein E to the non-amyloid β component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid

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The non-Aβ component (NAC) of Alzheimer's disease amyloid is a newly discovered 35 amino acid peptide found to be closely linked to the β-amyloid fibrils in senile plaques. Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is another prominent constituent of senile plaques. In vitro studies have shown that apoE binds β-amyloid (A β) with high avidity, but it is unknown to what extent apoE interacts with NAC. We examined the interactions between apoE and NAC and found that apoE bound synthetic NAC, forming a complex that resisted reducing agents and separation on SDS-PAGE. The complex could be formed using apoE from either purified human very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles, unfractionated human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), or recombinant protein. The binding was established within 15 min upon mixing, and the interaction between NAC and apoE was dose-dependent and specific as revealed by competition experiments. The NAC-apoE complex was affected by non-physiological pH, but not by reducing agents such as DTT or β-mercaptoethanol. ApoE exists in different isoforms of which the apoE3 genotype is the most frequent. Notably, the apoE4 genotype has been linked to late-onset Alzheimer's disease. This study presents evidence that apoE3 as well as apoE4 bind NAC, but the binding to apoE4 is about twice as strong as to apoE3. The isoform-specific binding of NAC to apoE may thus play an important role in amyloidogenesis and in the sequestering of apoE in senile plaques during the progress of Alzheimer's disease.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMolecular Brain Research
Vol/bind44
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)105-112
Antal sider8
ISSN0006-8993
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 1997

ID: 252063858