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Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex: Dependence on synaptic strength

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Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex : Dependence on synaptic strength. / Akgören, Nuran; Mathiesen, Claus; Rubin, Inger; Lauritzen, Martin.

I: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Bind 273, Nr. 3 42-3, 13.10.1997.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Akgören, N, Mathiesen, C, Rubin, I & Lauritzen, M 1997, 'Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex: Dependence on synaptic strength', American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, bind 273, nr. 3 42-3.

APA

Akgören, N., Mathiesen, C., Rubin, I., & Lauritzen, M. (1997). Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex: Dependence on synaptic strength. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 273(3 42-3).

Vancouver

Akgören N, Mathiesen C, Rubin I, Lauritzen M. Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex: Dependence on synaptic strength. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 1997 okt 13;273(3 42-3).

Author

Akgören, Nuran ; Mathiesen, Claus ; Rubin, Inger ; Lauritzen, Martin. / Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex : Dependence on synaptic strength. I: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 1997 ; Bind 273, Nr. 3 42-3.

Bibtex

@article{5601d3ba7b3a402c86b10012cd2823d3,
title = "Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex: Dependence on synaptic strength",
abstract = "The purpose of the present study was to examine mechanisms of activity- dependent changes of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in rat cerebellar cortex by laserDoppler fLowmetry, using two synaptic inputs that excite different regions of the same target cell and with different synaptic strength. The apical part of Purkinje cells was activated by electrical stimulation of parallel fibers, whereas the cell soma and the proximal part of the dendritic tree were activated by climbing fibers using harmaline (40 mg/kg ip) or electrical stimulation of the inferior olive. Glass microelectrodes were used for recordings of field potentials and single-unit activity of Purkinje cells. CBF increases evoked by parallel fibers were most pronounced in the upper cortical layers. In contrast, climbing fiber stimulation increased CBF in the entire cortex. Inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) or guanylate cyclase activity by 1H- [1,2,4(oxadiazolo)4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one did not affect basal or harmaline- induced Purkinje cell activity but attenuated harmaline- and parallel fiber- evoked CBF increases by ~40-50{\%}. Application of 8-(p- sulfophenyl)theophylline and adenosine deaminase reduced the harmaline- evoked CBF increase without any effect on the parallel fiber-evoked CBF response. The results suggest that CBF increases elicited by activation of Purkinje cells are partially mediated by the NO-guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate system independent of the input function but that adenosine contributes as well when climbing fibers are activated. This is the first demonstration of variations of coupling as a function of postsynaptic activity in the same cell.",
keywords = "Adenosine, Cerebral blood flow, Climbing fibers, Harmaline, Laser-Doppler flowmetry, Metabolic regulation, Nitric oxide, Parallel fibers, Purkinje cells, Single cell activity",
author = "Nuran Akg{\"o}ren and Claus Mathiesen and Inger Rubin and Martin Lauritzen",
year = "1997",
month = "10",
day = "13",
language = "English",
volume = "273",
journal = "A J P: Heart and Circulatory Physiology (Online)",
issn = "1522-1539",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "3 42-3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex

T2 - Dependence on synaptic strength

AU - Akgören, Nuran

AU - Mathiesen, Claus

AU - Rubin, Inger

AU - Lauritzen, Martin

PY - 1997/10/13

Y1 - 1997/10/13

N2 - The purpose of the present study was to examine mechanisms of activity- dependent changes of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in rat cerebellar cortex by laserDoppler fLowmetry, using two synaptic inputs that excite different regions of the same target cell and with different synaptic strength. The apical part of Purkinje cells was activated by electrical stimulation of parallel fibers, whereas the cell soma and the proximal part of the dendritic tree were activated by climbing fibers using harmaline (40 mg/kg ip) or electrical stimulation of the inferior olive. Glass microelectrodes were used for recordings of field potentials and single-unit activity of Purkinje cells. CBF increases evoked by parallel fibers were most pronounced in the upper cortical layers. In contrast, climbing fiber stimulation increased CBF in the entire cortex. Inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) or guanylate cyclase activity by 1H- [1,2,4(oxadiazolo)4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one did not affect basal or harmaline- induced Purkinje cell activity but attenuated harmaline- and parallel fiber- evoked CBF increases by ~40-50%. Application of 8-(p- sulfophenyl)theophylline and adenosine deaminase reduced the harmaline- evoked CBF increase without any effect on the parallel fiber-evoked CBF response. The results suggest that CBF increases elicited by activation of Purkinje cells are partially mediated by the NO-guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate system independent of the input function but that adenosine contributes as well when climbing fibers are activated. This is the first demonstration of variations of coupling as a function of postsynaptic activity in the same cell.

AB - The purpose of the present study was to examine mechanisms of activity- dependent changes of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in rat cerebellar cortex by laserDoppler fLowmetry, using two synaptic inputs that excite different regions of the same target cell and with different synaptic strength. The apical part of Purkinje cells was activated by electrical stimulation of parallel fibers, whereas the cell soma and the proximal part of the dendritic tree were activated by climbing fibers using harmaline (40 mg/kg ip) or electrical stimulation of the inferior olive. Glass microelectrodes were used for recordings of field potentials and single-unit activity of Purkinje cells. CBF increases evoked by parallel fibers were most pronounced in the upper cortical layers. In contrast, climbing fiber stimulation increased CBF in the entire cortex. Inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) or guanylate cyclase activity by 1H- [1,2,4(oxadiazolo)4,3-a]quinoxaline-1-one did not affect basal or harmaline- induced Purkinje cell activity but attenuated harmaline- and parallel fiber- evoked CBF increases by ~40-50%. Application of 8-(p- sulfophenyl)theophylline and adenosine deaminase reduced the harmaline- evoked CBF increase without any effect on the parallel fiber-evoked CBF response. The results suggest that CBF increases elicited by activation of Purkinje cells are partially mediated by the NO-guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate system independent of the input function but that adenosine contributes as well when climbing fibers are activated. This is the first demonstration of variations of coupling as a function of postsynaptic activity in the same cell.

KW - Adenosine

KW - Cerebral blood flow

KW - Climbing fibers

KW - Harmaline

KW - Laser-Doppler flowmetry

KW - Metabolic regulation

KW - Nitric oxide

KW - Parallel fibers

KW - Purkinje cells

KW - Single cell activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030870918&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 9321803

VL - 273

JO - A J P: Heart and Circulatory Physiology (Online)

JF - A J P: Heart and Circulatory Physiology (Online)

SN - 1522-1539

IS - 3 42-3

ER -

ID: 201454777