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Laminar analysis of activity-dependent increases of CBF in rat cerebellar cortex: Dependence on synaptic strength

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The purpose of the present study was to examine mechanisms of activity-dependent changes of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in rat cerebellar cortex by laserDoppler flowmetry, using two synaptic inputs that excite different regions of the same target cell and %yith different synaptic strength. The apical part of Purkinje cells was activated by electrical stimulation of parallel fibers, whereas the cell soma and the proximal part of the dendritic tree were activated by climbing fibers using harmaline (40 mg/kg ip) or electrical stimulation of the inferior olive. Glass microelectrodes were used for recordings of field potentials and singleunit activity of Purkinje cells. CBF increases evoked by parallel fibers were most pronounced in the upper cortical layers. In contrast, climbing fiber stimulation increased CBF in the entire cortex. Inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity by W-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) or guanylate cyclase activity by lH-[l,2,4(oxadiazolo)4,3-a]quinoxaline-l-one did not affect basal or harmaline-induced Purkinje cell activity but attenuated harmaline- and parallel fiber-evoked CBF increases by -40-50%. Application of 8-(p-sulfophenyl)theophylline and adenosine deaminase reduced the harmalineevoked CBF increase without any effect on the parallel fiber-evoked CBF response. The results suggest that CBF increases elicited by activation of Purkinje cells are partially mediated by the NO-guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate system independent of the input function but that adenosine contributes as well when climbing fibers are activated. This is the first demonstration of variations of coupling as a function of postsynaptic activity in the same cell. parallel fibers; climbing fibers; cerebral blood flow; harmaline; nitric oxide; adenosine; metabolic regulation; laserDoppler flowmetry; single cell activity; Purkinje cells

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Vol/bind42
Udgave nummer3
ISSN0363-6135
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 1997

ID: 201455230