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Lipid shell-enveloped polymeric nanoparticles with high integrity of lipid shells improve mucus penetration and interaction with cystic fibrosis-related bacterial biofilms

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Nanoparticle (NP) mediated drug delivery into viscous biomatrices, e.g., mucus and bacterial biofilms, is challenging. Lipid shell-enveloped polymeric NPs (Lipid@NPs), composed of a polymeric NP core coated with a lipid shell, represent a promising alternative to the current delivery systems. Here, we describe facile methods to prepare Lipid@NPs with high integrity of lipid shells and demonstrate the potential of Lipid@NPs in effective mucus penetration and interaction with cystic fibrosis-related bacterial biofilms. Lipid shell-enveloped polystyrene NPs with high integrity of lipid shells (cLipid@PSNPs) were prepared by using an electrostatically mediated layer-by-layer approach, where the model polystyrene NPs (PSNPs) were first modified with positively charged poly-L-lysine (PLL) and 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP), followed by subsequent fusion with zwitterionic, PEGylated small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs). The interaction of the PSNPs with SUVs was significantly enhanced by modifying the PSNPs with PLL and DOTAP, which eventually resulted in the formation of cLipid@PSNPs, i.e. Lipid@PLL-PSNPs and Lipid@DOTAP-PSNPs. Improved mucus-penetrating property of cLipid@PSNPs was demonstrated by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring measurements. Furthermore, fluorescence resonance energy transfer measurements showed that the interaction of the cLipid@PSNPs with bacterial biofilms was significantly promoted. In conclusion, we prepare cLipid@PSNPs via an electrostatically mediated layer-by layer approach. Our results suggest that the integrity of the lipid envelopes is crucial for enabling the diffusion of Lipid@PSNPs into the mucus layer and promoting the interaction of Lipid@PSNPs with a bacterial biofilm.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftA C S Applied Materials and Interfaces
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer13
Sider (fra-til)10678–10687
ISSN1944-8244
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 23 feb. 2018

ID: 191282706