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Malaria control at the district level in Africa: the case of the muheza district in northeastern Tanzania

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Malaria control at the district level in Africa: the case of the muheza district in northeastern Tanzania. / Alilio, Martin S; Kitua, Andrew; Njunwa, Kato; Medina, Marta; Rønn, Anita Mandrup; Mhina, Julius; Msuya, Fikirini; Mahundi, Judith; Depinay, Jean Marc; Whyte, Susan; Krasnik, Allan; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian.

I: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Bind 71, Nr. 2 Suppl, 2004, s. 205-13.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Alilio, MS, Kitua, A, Njunwa, K, Medina, M, Rønn, AM, Mhina, J, Msuya, F, Mahundi, J, Depinay, JM, Whyte, S, Krasnik, A & Bygbjerg, IC 2004, 'Malaria control at the district level in Africa: the case of the muheza district in northeastern Tanzania', American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, bind 71, nr. 2 Suppl, s. 205-13.

APA

Alilio, M. S., Kitua, A., Njunwa, K., Medina, M., Rønn, A. M., Mhina, J., ... Bygbjerg, I. C. (2004). Malaria control at the district level in Africa: the case of the muheza district in northeastern Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(2 Suppl), 205-13.

Vancouver

Alilio MS, Kitua A, Njunwa K, Medina M, Rønn AM, Mhina J o.a. Malaria control at the district level in Africa: the case of the muheza district in northeastern Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2004;71(2 Suppl):205-13.

Author

Alilio, Martin S ; Kitua, Andrew ; Njunwa, Kato ; Medina, Marta ; Rønn, Anita Mandrup ; Mhina, Julius ; Msuya, Fikirini ; Mahundi, Judith ; Depinay, Jean Marc ; Whyte, Susan ; Krasnik, Allan ; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian. / Malaria control at the district level in Africa: the case of the muheza district in northeastern Tanzania. I: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2004 ; Bind 71, Nr. 2 Suppl. s. 205-13.

Bibtex

@article{b87b5010e60f11ddbf70000ea68e967b,
title = "Malaria control at the district level in Africa: the case of the muheza district in northeastern Tanzania",
abstract = "An assessment was done in Tanzania to determine the extent to which the primary health care services have contributed to reducing the burden of malaria since the system was initiated in the 1980s. Seven descriptive processes and outcome indicators of effectiveness were used: changes of malaria transmission and incidence over time; use of facility-based care services for malaria; patients' access to professional advice; the trend of treatment failure over time of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and chloroquine; survival rates of severe cases at the district hospital; a district malaria control strategy; number of malaria specific training for care providers; and the number of activities carried out on mosquito control measures. The data were collected from 1996 to 2003 in the Muheza district northeastern Tanzania. It covered household interviews with a stratified sample of 1,250 respondents, and in-depth interviews with all 175 health care providers in the 35 health facilities within the district. All six members of the district health management team were also interviewed. Additional data came from dispensary and hospital records, and published literature. The results show an unchanged malaria disease burden. The average number of clinical malaria episodes per child less than five years of age remained between 3 and 3.5 episodes per year in the district since the 1960s. The comparison of cases expected in the population less than five years old with those seen in the district health facilities shows a coverage rate of 33{\%}. Furthermore, between 1990 and 2003, little training on malaria was provided to health staff. The findings imply a limited effectiveness of district health services on malaria control, suggesting a weak process of translating national malaria goals to activities at the district level.",
author = "Alilio, {Martin S} and Andrew Kitua and Kato Njunwa and Marta Medina and R{\o}nn, {Anita Mandrup} and Julius Mhina and Fikirini Msuya and Judith Mahundi and Depinay, {Jean Marc} and Susan Whyte and Allan Krasnik and Bygbjerg, {Ib Christian}",
note = "Keywords: Antimalarials; Humans; Malaria; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Prevalence; Primary Health Care; Regional Health Planning; Tanzania",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "205--13",
journal = "American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene",
issn = "0002-9637",
publisher = "American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene",
number = "2 Suppl",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Malaria control at the district level in Africa: the case of the muheza district in northeastern Tanzania

AU - Alilio, Martin S

AU - Kitua, Andrew

AU - Njunwa, Kato

AU - Medina, Marta

AU - Rønn, Anita Mandrup

AU - Mhina, Julius

AU - Msuya, Fikirini

AU - Mahundi, Judith

AU - Depinay, Jean Marc

AU - Whyte, Susan

AU - Krasnik, Allan

AU - Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

N1 - Keywords: Antimalarials; Humans; Malaria; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Prevalence; Primary Health Care; Regional Health Planning; Tanzania

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - An assessment was done in Tanzania to determine the extent to which the primary health care services have contributed to reducing the burden of malaria since the system was initiated in the 1980s. Seven descriptive processes and outcome indicators of effectiveness were used: changes of malaria transmission and incidence over time; use of facility-based care services for malaria; patients' access to professional advice; the trend of treatment failure over time of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and chloroquine; survival rates of severe cases at the district hospital; a district malaria control strategy; number of malaria specific training for care providers; and the number of activities carried out on mosquito control measures. The data were collected from 1996 to 2003 in the Muheza district northeastern Tanzania. It covered household interviews with a stratified sample of 1,250 respondents, and in-depth interviews with all 175 health care providers in the 35 health facilities within the district. All six members of the district health management team were also interviewed. Additional data came from dispensary and hospital records, and published literature. The results show an unchanged malaria disease burden. The average number of clinical malaria episodes per child less than five years of age remained between 3 and 3.5 episodes per year in the district since the 1960s. The comparison of cases expected in the population less than five years old with those seen in the district health facilities shows a coverage rate of 33%. Furthermore, between 1990 and 2003, little training on malaria was provided to health staff. The findings imply a limited effectiveness of district health services on malaria control, suggesting a weak process of translating national malaria goals to activities at the district level.

AB - An assessment was done in Tanzania to determine the extent to which the primary health care services have contributed to reducing the burden of malaria since the system was initiated in the 1980s. Seven descriptive processes and outcome indicators of effectiveness were used: changes of malaria transmission and incidence over time; use of facility-based care services for malaria; patients' access to professional advice; the trend of treatment failure over time of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and chloroquine; survival rates of severe cases at the district hospital; a district malaria control strategy; number of malaria specific training for care providers; and the number of activities carried out on mosquito control measures. The data were collected from 1996 to 2003 in the Muheza district northeastern Tanzania. It covered household interviews with a stratified sample of 1,250 respondents, and in-depth interviews with all 175 health care providers in the 35 health facilities within the district. All six members of the district health management team were also interviewed. Additional data came from dispensary and hospital records, and published literature. The results show an unchanged malaria disease burden. The average number of clinical malaria episodes per child less than five years of age remained between 3 and 3.5 episodes per year in the district since the 1960s. The comparison of cases expected in the population less than five years old with those seen in the district health facilities shows a coverage rate of 33%. Furthermore, between 1990 and 2003, little training on malaria was provided to health staff. The findings imply a limited effectiveness of district health services on malaria control, suggesting a weak process of translating national malaria goals to activities at the district level.

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15331839

VL - 71

SP - 205

EP - 213

JO - American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

JF - American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

SN - 0002-9637

IS - 2 Suppl

ER -

ID: 9830025