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Mapping of the vitronectin-binding site on the urokinase receptor: involvement of a coherent receptor interface consisting of residues from both domain I and the flanking interdomain linker region

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The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) has been implicated as a modulator of several biochemical processes that are active during tumor invasion and metastasis, e.g. extracellular proteolysis, cell adhesion, and cell motility. The structural basis for the high affinity interaction between the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and uPAR, which focuses cell surface-associated plasminogen activation in vivo, is now thoroughly characterized by site-directed mutagenesis studies and x-ray crystallography. In contrast, the structural basis for the interaction between uPAR and the extracellular matrix protein vitronectin, which is involved in the regulation of cell adhesion and motility, remains to be clarified. In this study, we have identified the functional epitope on uPAR that is responsible for its interaction with the full-length, extended form of vitronectin by using a comprehensive alanine-scanning library of purified single-site uPAR mutants (244 positions tested). Interestingly, the five residues identified as "hot spots" for vitronectin binding form a contiguous epitope consisting of two exposed loops connecting the central fourstranded beta-sheet in uPAR domain I (Trp(32), Arg(58), and Ile(63)) as well as a proximal region of the flexible linker peptide connecting uPAR domains I and II (Arg(91) and Tyr(92)). This binding topology provides the molecular basis for the observation that uPAR can form a ternary complex with uPA and vitronectin. Furthermore, it raises the intriguing possibility that the canonical receptor and inhibitor for uPA (uPAR and PAI-1) may have reached a convergent solution for binding to the somatomedin B domain of vitronectin.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Vol/bind282
Udgave nummer18
Sider (fra-til)13561-72
Antal sider12
ISSN0021-9258
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 4 maj 2007

ID: 178219176