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Mesenteric artery response to head-up tilt-induced central hypovolaemia and hypotension

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Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow and impedance were evaluated by duplex ultrasound during head-up tilt (HUT)-induced central hypovolaemia and hypotension in eight healthy volunteers. HUT induced a reduction in cardiac stroke volume from 88.8 +/- 6.3 to 64.7 +/- 6.3 ml (mean +/- SEM; P <0.01) and an increase in thoracic electric impedance from 38.6 +/- 2.1 to 42.6 +/- 2.1 omega (P <0.01) reflecting a reduced central blood volume. Maintained tilt provoked a 30% reduction in mean arterial pressure (from 87.1 +/- 3.3 to 63.4 +/- 3.6 mmHg: P <0.01) and the appearance of presyncopal symptoms. During both the normotensive and the hypotensive phase of HUT, the SMA diameter (5.7 +/- 0.03 mm) and blood flow (514 +/- 75 ml min-1) did not change significantly, although the end-diastolic velocity increased from 9.7 +/- 4.8 to 39.7 +/- 4.0 cm s-1 (P <0.01). The increase in diastolic velocity, despite a maintained or reduced arterial pressure, supports a reduction in the SMA impedance as it was reproduced during a meal test when a moderate reduction in mean arterial pressure (87 +/- 4 to 80 +/- 4 mm Hg; P = 0.04) was accompanied by a ninefold increase in the end-diastolic velocity (P <0.01). The results indicate a reduction in the mesenteric vascular impedance to the extent that superior mesenteric artery blood flow is maintained during HUT-induced central hypovolaemia and hypotension.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical physiology (Oxford, England)
Vol/bind17
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)487-496
Antal sider10
ISSN0144-5979
StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 1997

ID: 216763