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Modelling tritium and phosphorus transport by preferential flow in structured soil

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Modelling tritium and phosphorus transport by preferential flow in structured soil. / Gupta, Archana; Destouni, Georgia; Jensen, Marina Bergen.

I: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Bind 35, Nr. 4, 15.01.1999, s. 389-407.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Gupta, A, Destouni, G & Jensen, MB 1999, 'Modelling tritium and phosphorus transport by preferential flow in structured soil', Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, bind 35, nr. 4, s. 389-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7722(98)00107-7

APA

Gupta, A., Destouni, G., & Jensen, M. B. (1999). Modelling tritium and phosphorus transport by preferential flow in structured soil. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 35(4), 389-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7722(98)00107-7

Vancouver

Gupta A, Destouni G, Jensen MB. Modelling tritium and phosphorus transport by preferential flow in structured soil. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. 1999 jan 15;35(4):389-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7722(98)00107-7

Author

Gupta, Archana ; Destouni, Georgia ; Jensen, Marina Bergen. / Modelling tritium and phosphorus transport by preferential flow in structured soil. I: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. 1999 ; Bind 35, Nr. 4. s. 389-407.

Bibtex

@article{8dc80524898d4235b8fd42ce397414ec,
title = "Modelling tritium and phosphorus transport by preferential flow in structured soil",
abstract = "Subsurface solute transport through structured soil is studied by model interpretation of experimental breakthrough curves from tritium and phosphorus tracer tests in three intact soil monoliths. Similar geochemical conditions, with nearly neutral pH, were maintained in all the experiments. Observed transport differences for the same tracer are thus mainly due to differences in the physical transport process between the different monoliths. The modelling is based on a probabilistic Lagrangian approach that decouples physical and chemical mass transfer and transformation processes from pure and stochastic advection. Thereby, it enables explicit quantification of the physical transport process through preferential flow paths, honouring all independently available experimental information. Modelling of the tritium breakthrough curves yields a probability density function of non-reactive solute travel time that is coupled with a reaction model for linear, non-equilibrium sorption-desorption to describe the phosphorus transport. The tritium model results indicate that significant preferential flow occurs in all the experimental soil monoliths, ranging from 60-100{\%} of the total water flow moving through only 25-40{\%} of the total water content. In agreement with the fact that geochemical conditions were similar in all experiments, phosphorus model results yield consistent first-order kinetic parameter values for the sorption-desorption process in two of the three soil monoliths; phosphorus transport through the third monolith cannot be modelled because the apparent mean transport rate of phosphorus is anomalously rapid relative to the non-adsorptive tritium transport. The occurrence of preferential flow alters the whole shape of the phosphorus breakthrough curve, not least the peak mass flux and concentration values, and increases the transported phosphorus mass by 2-3 times relative to the estimated mass transport without preferential flow in the two modelled monoliths. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.",
keywords = "Immobile water, Macropores, Phosphorus, Preferential flow, Sorption kinetics, Tracer transport, Tritium",
author = "Archana Gupta and Georgia Destouni and Jensen, {Marina Bergen}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/S0169-7722(98)00107-7",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "389--407",
journal = "Journal of Contaminant Hydrology",
issn = "0169-7722",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modelling tritium and phosphorus transport by preferential flow in structured soil

AU - Gupta, Archana

AU - Destouni, Georgia

AU - Jensen, Marina Bergen

PY - 1999/1/15

Y1 - 1999/1/15

N2 - Subsurface solute transport through structured soil is studied by model interpretation of experimental breakthrough curves from tritium and phosphorus tracer tests in three intact soil monoliths. Similar geochemical conditions, with nearly neutral pH, were maintained in all the experiments. Observed transport differences for the same tracer are thus mainly due to differences in the physical transport process between the different monoliths. The modelling is based on a probabilistic Lagrangian approach that decouples physical and chemical mass transfer and transformation processes from pure and stochastic advection. Thereby, it enables explicit quantification of the physical transport process through preferential flow paths, honouring all independently available experimental information. Modelling of the tritium breakthrough curves yields a probability density function of non-reactive solute travel time that is coupled with a reaction model for linear, non-equilibrium sorption-desorption to describe the phosphorus transport. The tritium model results indicate that significant preferential flow occurs in all the experimental soil monoliths, ranging from 60-100% of the total water flow moving through only 25-40% of the total water content. In agreement with the fact that geochemical conditions were similar in all experiments, phosphorus model results yield consistent first-order kinetic parameter values for the sorption-desorption process in two of the three soil monoliths; phosphorus transport through the third monolith cannot be modelled because the apparent mean transport rate of phosphorus is anomalously rapid relative to the non-adsorptive tritium transport. The occurrence of preferential flow alters the whole shape of the phosphorus breakthrough curve, not least the peak mass flux and concentration values, and increases the transported phosphorus mass by 2-3 times relative to the estimated mass transport without preferential flow in the two modelled monoliths. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

AB - Subsurface solute transport through structured soil is studied by model interpretation of experimental breakthrough curves from tritium and phosphorus tracer tests in three intact soil monoliths. Similar geochemical conditions, with nearly neutral pH, were maintained in all the experiments. Observed transport differences for the same tracer are thus mainly due to differences in the physical transport process between the different monoliths. The modelling is based on a probabilistic Lagrangian approach that decouples physical and chemical mass transfer and transformation processes from pure and stochastic advection. Thereby, it enables explicit quantification of the physical transport process through preferential flow paths, honouring all independently available experimental information. Modelling of the tritium breakthrough curves yields a probability density function of non-reactive solute travel time that is coupled with a reaction model for linear, non-equilibrium sorption-desorption to describe the phosphorus transport. The tritium model results indicate that significant preferential flow occurs in all the experimental soil monoliths, ranging from 60-100% of the total water flow moving through only 25-40% of the total water content. In agreement with the fact that geochemical conditions were similar in all experiments, phosphorus model results yield consistent first-order kinetic parameter values for the sorption-desorption process in two of the three soil monoliths; phosphorus transport through the third monolith cannot be modelled because the apparent mean transport rate of phosphorus is anomalously rapid relative to the non-adsorptive tritium transport. The occurrence of preferential flow alters the whole shape of the phosphorus breakthrough curve, not least the peak mass flux and concentration values, and increases the transported phosphorus mass by 2-3 times relative to the estimated mass transport without preferential flow in the two modelled monoliths. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

KW - Immobile water

KW - Macropores

KW - Phosphorus

KW - Preferential flow

KW - Sorption kinetics

KW - Tracer transport

KW - Tritium

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032900634&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0169-7722(98)00107-7

DO - 10.1016/S0169-7722(98)00107-7

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:0032900634

VL - 35

SP - 389

EP - 407

JO - Journal of Contaminant Hydrology

JF - Journal of Contaminant Hydrology

SN - 0169-7722

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 226948876