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Modifications of cholera toxin subunit B binding to human large intestinal epithelium: an immunohistochemical study

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Binding of cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) to its receptor and toxin transport into the intestinal epithelial cells are the causative events for the potentially lethal disease cholera. The five sugar mono-sialo ganglioside GM1 is the cell surface receptor for cholera toxin B-subunit. CTB binding was determined by use of immobilized GM1 to microtiter plates and by immunohistochemistry. Sections from the human colon and the human soft palate were incubated with FITC-conjugated CTB and with anti-MUC2. Both the luminal surface of the intestine and the secretory goblet cells exhibited strong binding. Addition of simple carbohydrates and milk to the incubation medium showed that a combination of lactose and non-fat dry milk was potent inhibitors of toxin- and mucin binding. Both CTB and ant-MUC2 stained to the cytoplasm (mucin granules) in the goblet cells from the human soft palate. In the colon CTB stained the entire cytoplasm of the goblet cells while anti-MUC2 detected only the supranuclear region of some cells, suggesting carbohydrate heterogeneity between goblet cell mucin granules in different regions of the human body. Both CTB- and MUC2 binding were inhibited when GM1 was added to the incubation medium. It is proposed that the human colonic goblet cells play a role in the secretory diarrhea in patients with cholera and that milk might have a prophylactic or therapeutic application in the management of cholera.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMicrobial Pathogenesis
Vol/bind124
Sider (fra-til)332-336
ISSN0882-4010
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

ID: 201807812